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Lycophidion acutirostre GÜNTHER, 1868

IUCN Red List - Lycophidion acutirostre - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Mozambique Wolf Snake 
SynonymLycophidium acutirostre GÜNTHER 1868: 427
Lycophidium acutirostre — BOULENGER 1893: 338
Lycophidion acutirostre — BROADLEY 1996
Lycophidion acutirostre — SPAWLS et al. 2001: 322
Lycophidion acutirostre — WALLACH et al. 2014: 408
Lycophidion acutirostre — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 396 
DistributionS Tanzania, N Mozambique, S Malawi [SPAWLS et al. 2001]

Type locality: [Zanzibar]  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.14.34-38 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Nostril pierced in a semidivided or divided nasal; no postnasal. Dorsal scales with single apical pits, in 17 rows, reducing to 15 rows about one head length anterior to the vent by fusion of rows 3+4; ventrals 132-156 in males, 139-161 in females; subcaudals 28-31 in males, 19-25 in females (Broadley 1996: 12).

Color: Blackish-brown, a white band round the snout breaks up behind the eye, dorsal scales lightly stippled with white, the outer two or three lateral rows white tipped and white bars on the outer free edges of each ventral. Skull elongate, the parietal crests well separated posteriorly (Broadley 1996: 12). 
CommentHas been considered a synonym of Lycophidion semiannule (removed from synonymy by Broadley 1996).

Distribution: Not in South Africa according to A. Bauer & A. Feldman (pers. comm., 9 Mar 2011). Map: Broadley 1996. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “acuere” = sharp, or “acutus” = sharpened, pointed, or “acumen” = tip, or “acus” = needle; “rostrum” = beak, proboscis, or trunk. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1996. A revision of the genus Lycophidion Fitzinger (Serpentes: Colubridae) in Africa south of the equator. Syntarsus 3: 1-33.
  • Conradie, Werner; Gabriela B. Bittencourt-Silva, Hanlie M. Engelbrecht, Simon P. Loader, Michele Menegon, Cristóvão Nanvonamuquitxo, Michael Scott, Krystal A. Tolley 2016. Exploration into the hidden world of Mozambique’s sky island forests: new discoveries of reptiles and amphibians. Zoosyst. Evol. 92 (2): 163–180, DOI 10.3897/zse.92.9948 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1868. Sixth account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 1: 413-429 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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