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Lygodactylus madagascariensis (BOETTGER, 1881)

IUCN Red List - Lygodactylus madagascariensis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Madagascar Dwarf Gecko 
SynonymScalabotes madagascariensis BOETTGER 1881: 360
Lygodactylus madagascariensis — BOULENGER 1885: 158
Lygodactylus (Domerguella) madagascariensis — PASTEUR 1964
Lygodactylus madagascariensis — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 285
Lygodactylus (Domerguella) madagascariensis madagascariensis — RÖSLER 2000: 93
Lygodactylus madagascariensis — PUENTE et al. 2009: 17
Lygodactylus madagascariensis — RÖLL et al. 2010
Lygodactylus madagascariensis — GIPPNER et al. 2021 
DistributionMadagascar, Nossi Be = Nosy Bé, Nosy Komba

Type locality: Nosy Bé.  
TypesLectotype: SMF 8937 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. This species is the most common forest-dwelling Lygodactylus in the Sambirano region in the far northwestern part of Madagascar, and can clearly be assigned to the L. madagascariensis group by sharing the characters listed in the group definition above. It can reach rather large sizes of 35 mm SVL (37 mm in the subspecies petteri). From L. miops which is common in eastern rainforests (reaching the North East region), L. madagascariensis differs by lacking enlarged tubercles at the base of the tail as well as enlarged dorsolateral tubercles, characters that are often visible in L. miops, and by having four postpostmentals scales (usually five in L. miops). L. guibei has very distinct dorsolateral tubercles and spiny tubercles at the base of the tail (absent in L. madagascariensis). L. expectatus often has two dark spots on the neck (absent in L. madagascariensis), and is characterized by the size of the dorsolateral scales which are larger than the vertebral and lateral ones (not distinctly enlarged in L. madagascariensis). L. rarus has a typical colour pattern with a few distinct light-dark crossbands on the tail. (PUENTE et al. 2009) 
CommentSubspecies: Lygodactylus madagascariensis petteri has been elevated to full species status by Vences et al. 2022. 
EtymologyFrom its general provenance, Madagascar.

petteri: L. m. petteri has been dedicated to Jean-Jacques Petter. 
  • Boettger, O. 1881. Diagnoses reptilium et batrachiorum novorum ab ill. Antonio Stumpff in insula Nossi-Bé Madagascariensi lectorum. Zool. Anz. 4 (87): 358-362 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • D’Cruze, N.; Köhler, J.; Franzen, M & Glaw, F. 2008. A conservation assessment of the amphibians and reptiles of the Forêt d’Ambre Special Reserve, north Madagascar. MADAGASCAR CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT 3 (1): 44-54 - get paper here
  • Gippner, Sven, Scott L Travers, Mark D Scherz, Timothy J Colston, Mariana L Lyra, Ashwini V Mohan, Malte Multzsch, et al. 2021. A Comprehensive Phylogeny of Dwarf Geckos of the Genus Lygodactylus, with Insights into Their Systematics and Morphological Variation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 107311 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Hyde-Roberts, S. & C. Daly 2014. A rapid herpetofaunal assessment of Nosy Komba Island, northwestern Madagascar, with new locality records for seventeen species. Salamandra 50 (1): 18-26 - get paper here
  • Krüger, Jens 1999. Neue Erkenntnisse zur Faunistik einiger Reptilien Madagaskars. Salamandra 35 (2): 65-76 - get paper here
  • Krüger, Jens 2001. Die madagassischen Gekkoniden. Teil II: Die Geckos der Gattung Lygodactylus GRAY 1864 (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 3: 3-28
  • Pasteur, G. 1965. Notes préliminaires sur les lygodactyles (gekkonidés). IV. Diagnoses de quelques formes africaines et malgaches. Bulletin du Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 36: 311-314 [1964]
  • Pasteur, G., and C. P. Blanc. 1967. Les lézards du sous—genre malgache de lygodactyles Domerguella (gekkonidés). Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 92:583—597.
  • Pasteur, G., and C. P. Blanc. 1973. Nouvelles études sur les lygodactyles (sauriens gekkonidés). l. Données récentes sur Domerguella et sur ses rapports avec la phytogéographie malgache. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 98:165-174.
  • PUENTE, MARTA; FRANK GLAW, DAVID R. VIEITES & MIGUEL VENCES 2009. Review of the systematics, morphology and distribution of Malagasy dwarf geckos, genera Lygodactylus and Microscalabotes (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2103: 1-76 - get paper here
  • Röll, Beate; Heike Pröhl, Klaus-Peter Hoffmann 2010. Multigene phylogenetic analysis of Lygodactylus dwarf geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (1): 327-335 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
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