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Lygophis dilepis COPE, 1862

IUCN Red List - Lygophis dilepis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Lema's Ground Snake, Lema’s Striped Snake
Portuguese: Cobra-D’água, Cobra-de-Cadarço, Cobra-de-Caçote, Cobra-de-Listra-Vermelha, Corre-Campo 
SynonymLygophis dilepis COPE 1862: 348 (nom. nud.)
Lygophis dilepis COPE 1862: 81
Aporophis dilepis — COPE 1885
Aporophis lineatus BOULENGER 1894
Lygophis lineatus — AMARAL 1929
Lygophis lineatus dilepis — HOGE 1953: 251
Lygophis lineatus dilepis — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 187
Liophis lineatus dilepis — DIXON 1980
Liophis dilepis — HOGE et al. 1981
Liophis dilepis — MICHAUD & DIXON 1987
Liophis dilepis — DIXON 1989
Liophis dilepis — CEI 1993
Liophis dilepis — LEYNAUD & BUCHER 1999: 21
Liophis dilepis —RODRIGUES 2003
Liophis dilepis — BERNILS et al. 2007
Lygophis dilepis — ZAHER et al. 2009
Lygophis dilepis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 412
Lygophis dilepis — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBolivia, Brazil (Rio Grande do Norte, Bahia, through Mato Grosso, Bahia, S Ceará, Paraíba), Paraguay, N Argentina (Formosa)

Type locality: Paraguay  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 5861 (old number as cited by COPE 1863) 
Diagnosis 
Comment 
References
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist. SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Cano, Paula Daniela; Héctor Alejandro Ball, Matías Federico Carpinetto, Germán Darío Peña 2015. Reptile checklist of Río Pilcomayo National Park, Formosa, Argentina. Check List 11 (3): 1658 - get paper here
  • Castro, Deborah Praciano de; Sarah Mângia, Felipe de Medeiros Magalhães, David Lucas Röhr, Felipe Camurugi, Ricardo Rodrigues da Silveira Filho, Margarida Maria Xavier da Silva, John Allyson Andrade-Oliveira, Tiago Agostinho de Sousa, Frederico Gusta 2019. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga VI: The Ubajara National Park, Ceará, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 12: 727-742 - get paper here
  • Ceron, Karoline; Sarah Mângia, Thaís B. Guedes, Diego Janisch Alvares, Matheus O. Neves, Matheus De Toledo Moroti, Natália Torello, Márcio Borges-Martins, Vanda L. Ferreira & Diego J. Santana 2021. Ecological Niche Explains the Sympatric Occurrence of Lined Ground Snakes of the Genus Lygophis (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) in the South American Dry Diagonal. Herpetologica Sep 2021 Vol. 77, No. 3: 239-248 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Synopsis of the species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14: 60-82. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Catalogues of the reptiles obtained during the explorations of the Parana Paraguay, Vermejo and Uruguay rivers, by Capt. Thos. J. Page, U.S.N.; and of those procured by Lieut. N. Michier, U. S. Top. Eng., Commander of the expedition conducting the su Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1862: 346-359. - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 1989. A key and checklist to the neotropical snake genus Liophis with country lists and maps. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (79): 1-40 - get paper here
  • Falcione, Camila; Alejandra Hernando, Diego Andrés Barrasso, Diego Di Pietro 2016. Karyotypes of four species of Xenodontini snakes (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) and implications for taxonomy. Contributions to Zoology, 85 (3): 265-273 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Guarino R. Colli, Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Luiz Trinchão, Daniel Araújo, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França, Renato Gaiga, Pedro Dias 2016. Snakes of Cerrado localities in western Bahia, Brazil. Check List 12 (3): 1896 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antônio; Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, José Soares da Silva Neto, Daniel Araujo & Jonathan Márcio Soares da Silva 2016. Snakes of Juazeiro, Bahia, Middle of São Francisco River, Brazil. Bol. Mus. Biol. Mello Leitão (N. Sér.) 38(4): 331-345.
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira. 9(2): 121 – 214
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Hoge, A. R. 1953. Notes on Lygophis Fitzinger with revalidation of two subspecies. Memórias do Instito Butantan 24 (2): 245-268 - get paper here
  • Hoge, A. R.; Russo, C. R.; Santos, M. C.;Furtado, M. F. D. 1978. Snakes collected by "Projeto Rondon XXII" to Piaui, Brazil. Mem. Inst. Butantan 42/43: 87-94 [1981] - get paper here
  • Lambertz, M. 2010. Kommentierte Liste der squamaten Reptilien des Sanddünengebietes am mittleren Rio São Francisco (Bahia, Brasilien) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung endemischer Faunenelemente. Ophidia 4 (2): 2-17 - get paper here
  • Lema, Thales de 1989. Serpentes do complexo Liophis lineatus (Linnaeus, 1758) no Brasil nordeste (Serpentes, Colubridae: Colubrinae). Acta Biologica Leopoldensia 11 (2): 251-271
  • Leynaud, Gerardo C. and Enrique H. Bucher 1999. La fauna de serpientes del Chaco Sudamericano: diversidad, distribución geografica y estado de conservación. Academia Nacional de Ciencias Miscelanea (98):1-46
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira; Brygida Alves, Carmem Pedro, Daniel Laranjeiras, Francis Caldas, Isabella Pedrosa, Jefter Rodrigues, Leandro Drummond, Lucas Cavalcanti, Milena Wachlevski, Paulo Nogueira-Costa, Rafaela França, Frederico França 2018. Herpetofauna in two habitat types (tabuleiros and Stational Semidecidual Forest) in the Reserva Biológica Guaribas, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 455-474 - get paper here
  • Michaud, E. J., & DIXON, J. R. 1987. Taxonomic revision of the Liophis lineatus complex (Reptilia: Colubridae) of Central and South America. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contrib. Biol. & Geol. No. 71: 1-26
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo,<br />Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins,<br />Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Pesci, Giuliano; Sanchez, José Manuel; Muniz Leão, Suelem; Pelegrin, Nicolás 2018. Reptiles y anfibios de una localidad del Chaco Húmedo en Formosa, Argentina. Cuad. herpetol. 32 (1): 47-54 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Santos Caldas, Francis Luiz; Taís Borges Costa, Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, Adrian Antonio Garda 2016. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga V: Seridó Ecological Station (Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil). Check List 12 (4): DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15560/12.4.1929 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Yanosky, A. A.;Dixon, J. R.;Mercolli, C. 1992. First specific locality record for Liophis dilepis (Cope, 1862) in Argentina. Rev. Esp. Herp. 7: 33-35 - get paper here
  • Zaher, Hussam; Grazziotin, Felipe Gobbi; Cadle, John E.; Murphy, Robert W.; Moura-Leite, Julio Cesar de; Bonatto, Sandro L 2009. Molecular phylogeny of advanced snakes (Serpentes, Caenophidia) with an emphasis on South American Xenodontines: a revised classification and descriptions of new taxa. Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) 49 (11): 115-153 - get paper here
 
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