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Malayotyphlops manilae (TAYLOR, 1919)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Manila Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops manilae TAYLOR 1919: 106
Typhlops manilae — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 110
Malayotyphlops manilae — HEDGES et al. 2014
Gerrhopilus manilae — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Malayotyphlops manilae — WYNN et al. 2016 (incertae sedis)
Typhlops manilae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 766 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon).

Type locality: “Filipinas”  
TypesHolotype: STUM, an unnumbered specimen. 
CommentStatus unclear: Pyron and Wallach (2014) disagree with Hedges et al. (2014) and place T. manilae in Gerrhopilus based on Taylor’s statement that it has a subocular. Without examination of the holotype, Wynn et al. (2016) “feel that it is not possible to determine to which genus, or even family, T. manilae Taylor belongs” and consider the species as “incertae sedis”. 
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1919. New or rare Philippine reptiles. Philippine Journal of Science 14: 105-125
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The snakes of the Philippine Islands. Manila (Bureau of Printing or Science), Monograph 16: 312 pp. - get paper here
  • Weinell, Jeffrey L.; Errol Hooper, Alan E. Leviton, Rafe M. Brown 2019. Illustrated Key to the Snakes of the Philippines. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 66 (1): 1-49 - get paper here
  • Wynn, Addison H.; Arvin C. Diesmos, and Rafe M. Brown 2016. Two New Species of Malayotyphlops from the Northern Philippines, with Redescriptions of Malayotyphlops luzonensis (Taylor) and Malayotyphlops ruber (Boettger). Journal of Herpetology 50 (1): 157-168. - get paper here
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