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Mastigodryas bruesi (BARBOUR, 1914)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Windward Treeracer, Barbour's Tropical Racer 
SynonymAlsophis bruesi BARBOUR 1914: 337
Mastigodryas bruesi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 626
Mastigodryas bruesi — MONTIGNELLI & ZAHER 2011
Mastigodryas bruesi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 429
Mastigodryas bruesi — MONTINGELLI et al. 2018 
DistributionSt. Vincent, Grenadines, Grenada (Lesser Antilles)

Type locality: Near St. George's, St. George Parish, Grenada.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 7792. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum SVL 830 mm; dorsal scale rows at midbody 17; ventrals 187-199 in males, 194-208 in females; subcaudals 115-128 in males, 114-133 in females; 1 preocular; 2 postoculars; supralabials 9,10; infralabials 10-12; dorsal scales smooth; anal divided. Dorsal ground color blue-gray to brown; light lateral stripe on scale rows 4-5 (rarely only on 4); smudged eyeline extends from nostril, through eye, to upper portion of posterior supralabials; chin, throat, ventrals, and subcaudals white, pale yellow, or dirty yellow; ventrals suffused with gray at anterior edges (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 626). 
CommentFor illustrations see Stuart, 1941.

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Charles Thomas Brues (1879-1955), a zoologist and entomologist. He moved to Harvard (1909), where he was Associate Curator of Insects, at the Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology, and later Professor of Entomology, retiring in 1947. 
References
  • Barbour, Thomas 1914. A Contribution to the Zoögeography of the West Indies, with Especial Reference to Amphibians and Reptiles. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy 44 (2): 205-359 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Daudin, Jacques; de Silva, Mark. 2007. An annotated checklist of the amphibians and terrestrial reptiles of the Grenadines with notes on their local natural history and conservation. Applied Herpetology 4 (2):163-175 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Malhotra, A. & Thorpe, R.S. 1999. Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean. MacMillan, London & Oxford
  • Montingelli GG, Grazziotin FG, Battilana J, Murphy RW, Zhang Y‐P, Zaher H. 2018. Higher‐level phylogenetic affinities of the Neotropical genus Mastigodryas Amaral, 1934 (Serpentes: Colubridae), species‐group definition and description of a new genus for Mastigodryas bifossatus. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 57: 205– 239 [online 2018, in print 2019] - get paper here
  • Montingelli, Giovanna G. and Hussam Zaher 2011. New Species of Mastigodryas Amaral, 1934 from Brazilian Amazonia and Guyana (Serpentes: Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology 45 (1): 111-119. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Stuart, L. C. 1941. Studies of Neotropical Colubrinae VIII. A revision of the genus Dryadophis Stuart, 1939. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (49): 1-106 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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