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Melanochelys tricarinata (BLYTH, 1856)

IUCN Red List - Melanochelys tricarinata - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Tricarinate Hill Turtle
G: Dreikiel-Erdschildkröte 
SynonymGeoemyda tricarinata BLYTH 1856
Chaibassia theobaldi ANDERSON 1878
Chaibassia tricarinata, BOULENGER 1889
Nicoria tricarinata sivalensis LYDEKKER 1889:100 (fossil)
Melanochelys tricarinata PRITCHARD 1979
Melanochelys tricarinata — PRITCHARD 1992
Melanochelys tricarinata — DAVID 1994
Melanochelys tricarinata — RHODIN et al. 2010 
DistributionBangladesh, India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), Nepal, Bhutan

Type locality: "Central India (Chaibása)" (= Chaibassa, Bihar State, eastern India).  
TypesHolotype: ZSI 816 
  • Basumatary, Rajeev and D.K. Sharma 2013. The turtle fauna of Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India with notes on natural history and conservation status. Herpetology Notes 6: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Baur, Markus; KaluRam Rai & Henk Zwartepoorte 2012. Ein neues Schildkrötenschutzprojekt im Südosten Nepals – das „Budoholi Turtle Conservation Centre“. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (2): 58-61 - get paper here
  • Blyth,E. 1856. Report on the collections presented by Capt. Berdmore and Mr. Theobald. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 24 [1855] (7): 713-720 - get paper here
  • Busack, Stephen D. 1994. Melanochelys tricarinata (Tricarinate hill turtle). India: Uttar Pradesh. Herpetological Review 25 (1): 32 - get paper here
  • Das, Abhijit and R. Suresh Kumar. 2014. Melanochelys tricarinata (tricarinate hill turtle). Herpetological Review 45 (4): 690-691 - get paper here
  • Das, I. et al. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Dutta, S.K., M.V. Nair, P.P. Mohapatra and A.K. Mahapatra. 2009. Amphibians and reptiles of Similipal Biosphere Reserve. Regional Plant Resouce Centre, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Kumar, R. Suresh; Harihar, Abishek; Pandav, Bivash 2010. Population characteristics of a terrestrial geoemydid, Melanochelys tricarinata, from the Doon Valley, northern India. The Herpetological Journal 20: 139-146 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Purkayastha, Jayaditya; Ahmed Mahmadul Hassan, Hasanul Islam, Jessica Das, Manoj Sarma, Mituseela Basumatary, Nilakshi Sarma, Nishant Chatterjee, Sachin Singha, Vishnupriya Nair, Arundhati Purkayastha, Jayashree Dutta, Madhurima Das 2013. Turtles of the Temple Pond of Kamakhya, Assam, India. Reptile Rap (15): 11-15 - get paper here
  • Rawat, Y.B., S. Bhattarai, L.P. Poudyal & N. Subedi 2020. Herpetofauna of Shuklaphanta National Park, Nepal. Journal of Threatened Taxa 12(5): 15587–15611 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J.; van Dijk, P.P.; Iverson, J.B. & Shaffer, H.B. [turtle taxonomy working group] 2010. Turtles of the World, 2010 Update: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v3.2010 - get paper here
  • VALENTIN, P & GEMEL, R. 1999. Zur Fortpflanzungsbiologie der Dreikiel-Erdschildkröte Melanochelys tricarinata (BLYTH, 1856). Herpetozoa 12 (3-4): 99-118 - get paper here
  • Wangyal, Jigme Tshelthrim; Dorji Wangchuk, and Indraneil Das 2012. First Report of Turtles from the Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2012, Vol. 11, No. 2: 268-272. - get paper here
  • Zug, G.R. & Mitchell, J.C. 1995. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Asiatic Herpetological Research 6: 172-180 - get paper here
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