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Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (BOUR, 1973)

IUCN Red List - Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei - Least Concern, LR

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Higher TaxaChelidae, Chelinae, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Vanderhaege’s Toadhead Turtle
Portuguese: Cágado, Cágado-Cabeçudo, Galápago, Tartaruga-Cabeça-de-Sapo 
SynonymPhrynops schopfii “FITZINGER” DIERING (nomen nudum)
Phrynops paraguayensis “VANZOLINI” DONOSO-BARROS (nomen nudum)
Phrynops tuberculatus vanderhaegei BOUR 1973: 184
Phrynops vanderhaegei — PRITCHARD 1979
Phrynops (Batrachemys) vanderhaegei — ALDERTON 1988
Bufocephala vanderhaegei — MCCORD et al. 2001
Bufocephala vanderhaegei — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2002
Bufocephala vanderhaegei — SOUZA 2004
Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei — BOUR & ZAHER 2005
Bufocephala (Phrynops) vanderhaegei — BONIN et al 2006
Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei — VAN DIJK et al. 2011 
DistributionParaguay (rivers and swamps), Argentina (Misiones [HR 31: 184], NE Corrientes), Brazil (Goias, Mato Grosso do Sul, Snao Paulo, Minas Gerais, Tocantins)

Type locality: “les environs d’Asunción au Paraguay”; restricted to “Tobati, La Cordillera, Paraguay” by Bour & Pauler 1987.  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 1977.0050 
CommentFor a color illustration and distribution map see MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2002.

Type Species: Phrynops tuberculatus vanderhaegei BOUR 1973 is the type species of the genus Bufocephala MCCORD et al. 2001. For a diagnosis of the genus see MCCORD et al. 2001.

Habitat: freshwater (rivers, swamps) 
  • Alderton, D. 1988. Turtles and tortoises of the world. Facts on File, New York.
  • Baldo, D.; Martinez, P.; Boeris, J.M. & Giraudo, A.R. 2007. Reptilia, Chelonii, Chelidae, Phrynops geoffroanus Schweigger, 1812 and Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (Bour, 1973): Distribution extension, new country record, and new province records in Argentina. Check List 3 (4): 348-352 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 1973. Contribution a la connaissance de Phrynops nasutus (Schweigger: 1812) et Phrynops tuberculatus (Luederwaldt: 1926). Description d'une nouvelle sous-espèce originaire du Paraguay, Phrynops tuberculatus vanderhaegei (Testudinata - Pleurodira - Chelidae Bull. Soc. Zool. France 98: 175-190
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Bour, R. & Pauler, I. 1987. Identité de Phrynops vanderhaegei Bour 1973 et des espèces affines. Mésogée 47: 3-23
  • Bour, R. & Zaher, H. 2005. A NEW SPECIES OF MESOCLEMMYS, FROM THE OPEN FORMATIONS OF NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL (CHELONII, CHELIDAE). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 45 (24): 295-311 - get paper here
  • Brito, E.S.; C. Strüssmann; R.A. Kawashita-Ribeiro; D.H. Morais; R.W. Ávila; V.A. Campos. 2012. New records and distribution extensions of three species of Mesoclemmys Gray, 1863 (Testudines: Chelidae) in Mato Grosso state, Brazil, with observations on terrestrial movements. Check List 8(2):294-297 - get paper here
  • Brito, Elizângela S.;Christine Strussmann and Clariana M. Baicere-Silva 2009. Courtship behavior of Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (Bour, 1973) (Testudines: Chelidae) under natural conditions in the Brazilian Cerrado. Herpetology Notes 2: 67-72 - get paper here
  • Brito, Elizangela Silva de; Tainá Figueras Dorado-Rodrigues, Rafael Martins Valadão 2019. First record of Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (Reptilia, Chelidae) for the North-Northeast Atlantic Basin. Herpetology Notes 12: 709-712 - get paper here
  • Brito, Elizangela Silva; Franco Leandro Souza, Christine Strüssmann 2016. Feeding habits of Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (Testudines: Chelidae). Acta Herpetologica 11 (1): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Brito, Elizângela Silva; Richard C. Vogt, Rafael Martins Valadão, Leonardo Fernandes França, Jerry Penha, and <br />Christine Strüssmann 2018. Population Ecology of the Freshwater Turtle Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (Testudines: Chelidae). Herp. Cons. Biol. 13 (2): 355–365 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist. SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Cassano, María Julia 2017. Restricción de la distribución de Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (Bour, 1973) (Testudines: Chelidae) en Argentina. Cuad. herpetol. 32 (1): - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Ettmar, Stephan 2019. Toad-headed turtles of the genus Mesoclemmys - Distribution, Natural History, Husbandry. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 204 pp.
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira. 9(2): 121 – 214
  • Maffei, Fábio; Bruno Tayar Marinho do Nascimento, Guilherme Marson Moya & Reginaldo José Donatelli 2016. New distribution records of Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (Testudines: Chelidae) from southeastern Brazil, including observations on reproduction. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8 (11): 9322–9326 - get paper here
  • Marques, Thiago S.; Neliton R.F. Lara, Luis A.B. Bassetti, Bruno O. Ferronato, Adriana Malvásio and Luciano M. Verdade. 2013. Population structure of Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (Testudines, Chelidae) in a silvicultural system in southeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 6: 179-182.
  • McCord, W. P., Joseph-Ouni, M.i & W. W. Lamar 2001. A taxonomic reevaluation of Phrynops (Testudines: Chelidae) with the description of two new genera and a new species of Batrachemys. Revista de Biologia Tropical 49 (2): 715-764 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2002. Chelonian illustrations #1: South American Toadhead Turtles. Reptilia (GB) (21): 34-38 - get paper here
  • Souza, Franco L. 2004. Uma revisão sobre padrões de atividade, reprodução e alimentação de cágados brasileiros (Testudines, Chelidae) [A review on activity patterns, reproduction, and feeding habits in Brazilian chelid turtles (Testudines, Chelidae)]. Phyllomedusa 3 (1): 15-28 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Dijk, Peter Paul van; John B. Iverson, H. Bradley Shaffer; Roger Bour & Anders G.J. Rhodin [turtle taxonomy working group] 2011. Turtles of the World, 2011 Update: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5: 78 pp.; doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v4.2011 - get paper here
  • Vinke, Thomas, Sabine Vinke and Gunther Köhler. 2013. Mesoclemmys vanderhaegei (Bour, 1973), die Südliche Krötenkopfschildkröte. Schildkröten im Fokus 10 (4): 3-25
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