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Micrurus albicinctus AMARAL, 1925

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: White-banded Coral Snake
S: Cobra Coral de Cinta Branca
Portuguese: Cobra-Coral, Cobra-Coral-Preta-e-Branca, Cobra-Coral-de-Cinta-Branca, Coral-Verdadeira 
SynonymMicrurus albicinctus AMARAL 1925
Micrurus waehnerorum MEISE 1938
Micrurus albicinctus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 201
Micrurus albicinctus — DA CUNHA & NASCIMENTO 1991
Micrurus albicinctus — ROZE 1996: 138
Micrurus albicinctus — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 145
Micrurus albicinctus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 441
Micrurus albicinctus — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Rondonia, Mato Grosso, Amazonas), Peru

Type locality: “northern or central Mato Grosso" (Brazil)  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MNRJ 376, a male, collected by Comissäo Rondon. 
DiagnosisDefinition: An all-black coral snake with white bands represented by a transverse series of white spots over the entire body. Light spots are usually present on the prefrontals and internasals and on some other head shields as weH. Males lack supraanal tubercles (Roze 1996: 139).

Description: Males have 189 to 205 (197.4) ventrals and females have 210 to 218 (215.8); subcaudals range from 42 to 49 (45.3) in males and 32 to 40 (35.1) in the known females. Examined: 15 males and 5 females, including the holotype.
The head is black above with large white or grayish spots on the prefrontals and/or internasals. Occasionally additional spots are present on the other head scales. The chin region is white but the infralabials are at least partially black. The body is black with a transverse series of small white spots that occupy one dorsal separating the black bands. This coloration is apparently derived from the original coloration of alternating black and red bands. The venter is black with short white crossbands one ventrallong or a similar transverse series of white spots. The white bands are longer on the tail and occupy about 2 dorsals and 2 ventrals.
The males have 67 to 90 (72.4) and the females have 77 to 91 (82.5) black body bands. On the tail, the males have 10 to 13 (11.4) and the females have 6 to 9 (7.6) black bands (Roze 1996: 139). 
CommentSynonymy partly after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970.

Venomous!

Distribution (map): Map 5 in CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 145. See map in Nogueira et al. 2019. 
EtymologyLatin albicinctus comes from alba meaning white and cinctus meaning banded or girdled; thus, the white-banded one. The name waehnerorum is dedicated to Mr. and Mrs. Wahner, a German couple who collected snakes in the Amazon region and presented them to the Dresden Museum in Germany. 
References
  • Amaral, A. do 1925. Ophidios de Mato Grosso (Contribuição II para o conhecimento dos ophidios do Brasil). Comm. Linhas Telegraph. Estrat. Matto Grosso ao Amazonas. Comm. Linh. Telegr. Mato Grosso [also listed as Hist. Natural. Zool.] Publ. 84 (Anexo 5): 1-30
  • Barbosa de Souza, M., and C. Rivera G. 2006. Anfibios y reptile /Amphibians and reptiles. Pp. 83 – 86 y / and 182 – 185 en /in C. Vriesendorp, T. S. Schulenberg, W. S. Alverson, D. K. Moskovits, y / and J.-I. Rojas Moscoso, (eds.). Perú: Sierra del Divisor, Rapid Biological Inventories Report 1 The Field Museum, Chicago
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Cunha, O.R. da and Nascimento,F.P. 1991. Ofídios da Amazônia. XXII : Revalidaõ e redescrião de Micrurus albicinctus Amaral, de Rondónia, e sobre a validade de Micrurus waehnerorum Meise, do amazonas (Ophidia : Elapidae). Bol. Mus. Para. EmÌlio Goeldi, Nova ser., Zool.) 7 (1): 43-52
  • FEITOSA, DARLAN TAVARES; NELSON JORGE DA SILVA JR., MATHEUS GODOY PIRES, HUSSAM ZAHER & ANA LÚCIA DA COSTA PRUDENTE 2015. A new species of monadal coral snake of the genus Micrurus (Serpentes, Elapidae) from western Amazon. Zootaxa 3974 (4): 538–554
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira. 9(2): 121 – 214
  • Masseli, G.S., Cunha, F.A.G. & Dos Santos, J.G. 2018. Micrurus albicinctus (White-banded Coralsnake) and Micrurus hemprichii (Hemprich's Coralsnake) Diet and predation. Herpetological Review 49 (1): 134. - get paper here
  • Meise,Wilhelm 1938. Eine neue Korallenschlange aus dem Amazonasgebiet. Zool. Anz. 123: 20
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo,<br />Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins,<br />Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz0, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisnero 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Silva Jr, Nelson Jorge da; Marcus Augusto Buononato & Darlan Tavares Feitosa 2016. AS COBRAS-CORAIS DO NOVO MUNDO. In: Silva (ed) Cobras corais do Brasil. Goiânia, pp. 41-69
  • Souza, Sergio Marques; André Braga Junqueira, Ana Catarina Conte Jakovac, Paulo Apóstolo Assunção and José Adaílton Correia. 2011. Feeding behavior and ophiophagous habits of two poorly known amazonian coral snakes, Micrurus albicinctus Amaral 1926 and Micrurus paraensis Cunha and Nascimento 1973 (Squamata, Elapidae). Herpetology Notes 4: 369-372 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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