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Micrurus bocourti (JAN, 1872)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: False Triad Coral Snake, Ecuador Coral Snake
S: Coral de Triadas Falsas 
SynonymElaps bocourti JAN 1872, in JAN & SORDELLI 1872
Micrurus ecuadorianus SCHMIDT 1936: 196
Micrurus circinalis — SCHMIDT 1936: 192 (part.)
Micrurus catamayensis ROZE 1989 (fide VALENCIA et al. 2016)
Micrurus catamayensis — WELCH 1994: 79
Micrurus bocourti — WELCH 1994: 79
Micrurus bocourti — ROZE 1996
Micrurus bocourti — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004: 151
Micrurus bocourti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 442
Micrurus catamayensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 443
Micrurus bocourti — TORRES-CARVAJAL et al. 2019 
DistributionW Ecuador (Pacific lowlands), NW Peru

Type locality: Type locality restricted to Rio Daule, Guayas Province, Ecuador, by Roze, 1967.

ecuadorianus: Ecuador; Type locality: “Río Daule, western Ecuador”

catamayensis: S Ecuador (Catamayo Valley); Type locality: 2 km west of Loja, Catamayo Valley, Ecuador,4,780 ft. elevation.  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 0869, a male from an unknown locality, collected by Liataud in 1843
Holotype: BMNH 1935.11.3.103, male, collected by Carrion [catamayensis]
Holotype: MCZ 3559, Paratypes: ZSM 66/1914/1-2 [ecuadorianus] 

Distribution: not in Colombia (Campbell and Lamar 2004). 
EtymologyNamed after Marie Firmin Bocourt (1819-1904), French naturalist.
M. catamayensis was named after the type locality. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • FEITOSA, DARLAN TAVARES; NELSON JORGE DA SILVA JR., MATHEUS GODOY PIRES, HUSSAM ZAHER & ANA LÚCIA DA COSTA PRUDENTE 2015. A new species of monadal coral snake of the genus Micrurus (Serpentes, Elapidae) from western Amazon. Zootaxa 3974 (4): 538–554
  • Jan, G. 1870. Iconographie générale des ophidiens, Vol. 3, Livraisons 35-50. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris, (Milan ?), 188 pp. - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Roze J A 1989. New species and subspecies of coral snakes, genus Micrurus (Elapidae), with notes on type specimens of several species. American Museum Novitates (2932) : 1-15 - get paper here
  • Roze, J. A. 1996. Coral Snakes of the Americas. Krieger, Malabar, Florida
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1936. Preliminary account of coral snakes of South America. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 20 (19): 189-203 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Valencia, J. H., K. Garzón-Tello & M. E. Barragán-Paladines 2016. Serpientes venenosas del Ecuador: sistemática, taxonomía, historia natural, conservación, envenenamiento y aspectos antropológicos. Quito, Ecuador, Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orcés, Universidad de Texas, Fondo Ambiental Nacional, 652 pp. [review in HR 49 (1): 152, 2018]
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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