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Micrurus putumayensis LANCINI, 1962

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Putumayo Coral Snake
Portuguese: Cobra-Coral, Coral-Verdadeira, Cobra-Coral-Amarela 
SynonymMicrurus schmidti LANCINI 1962
Micrurus putumayensis LANCINI 1962 (nom. nov.)
Micrurus putumayensis — WELCH 1994: 89
Micrurus putumayensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 452
Micrurus putumayensis — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionPeru (Loreto), NW Brazil, SE Colombia

Type locality: "Puerto Socorro (a 270 Km. NE. de Iquitos),  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MCNC Herp. 1117, a 624 mm female (J. Cáceres M., March 1959). (type=AMNH 11058 fide Golay et al., 1993: 180) 
DiagnosisDefinition: A coral snake with alternating black and yellow bands only; 7 to 12 black body bands in both sexes. All the yellow scales are almost entirely invaded by black or dark brown coloration. A black cap covers the head (Roze 1996: 211).

Description: Males have 197 to 208 (201.6) and females have 216 to 226 (221.9) ventrals; subcaudals 47 to 51 (48.6) in males and 32 to 35 (33.6) in females; 1+1 or 1+2 temporals. Examined: 11 males and 7 females, including the holotype.
The body is covered by single, black and yellow bands, without any red bands. The black cap covers all of the upper part of the head to the parietal tips and most of the chin shields. The nuchal yellow band is 3 to 5 dorsals long. The black bands are 8 to 35 dorsals and ventrals long. In several speeimens every second black band is somewhat irregular and reduced ventrally. The yellow bands are 4 to 11 dorsals and ventrals long; they are somewhat melanistic dorsally. Usually only the posterior border of each yellow scaie is completely yellow. Ventrally, the yellow scales are immaculate or have black borders. Some scales have a trace of reddish or pink overtone.
The males have 7 to 11 (9.2) and the females have 9 to 14 (11.1) black body bands. The males have 2 to 3 and the females have 2 black tail bands (Roze 1996: 211). 
CommentVenomous! 
EtymologyThe Latin name putumayensis, meaning inhabitant of Putumayo, alludes to its presence in the region around the Putumayo River. 
References
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • FEITOSA, DARLAN TAVARES; NELSON JORGE DA SILVA JR., MATHEUS GODOY PIRES, HUSSAM ZAHER & ANA LÚCIA DA COSTA PRUDENTE 2015. A new species of monadal coral snake of the genus Micrurus (Serpentes, Elapidae) from western Amazon. Zootaxa 3974 (4): 538–554
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira. 9(2): 121 – 214
  • Lancini V., A. R. 1962. Una nueva especie de Serpiente coral (Serpentes: Elapidae) del Peru. Publicaciones Ocasionales del Museo de Ciencias Naturales Caracas, Venezuela (2): 1-3
  • Lancini V., A. R. 1962. Un cambio de nombre para una serpiente coral (Elapidae: Micrurus) del Peru. Publicaciones Ocasionales del Museo de Ciencias Naturales Caracas, Venezuela (3): 1
  • Lema, Thales de 1972. Sobre Micrurus putumayensis Lancini, 1962 e sua ocorrencia no Brasil - (Serpentes, Elapidae). Iheringia, Série Zoologia 41: 35-58
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo,<br />Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins,<br />Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz0, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisnero 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Silva Jr, Nelson Jorge da; Marcus Augusto Buononato & Darlan Tavares Feitosa 2016. AS COBRAS-CORAIS DO NOVO MUNDO. In: Silva (ed) Cobras corais do Brasil. Goiânia, pp. 41-69
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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