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Micrurus ruatanus (GÜNTHER, 1895)

IUCN Red List - Micrurus ruatanus - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Roatan Coralsnake, Roatan Coral Snake 
SynonymElaps ruatanus GÜNTHER 1895: 185
Elaps fulvius BOULENGER 1896
Micrurus ruatanus — SCHMIDT 1933: 34
Micrurus ruatanus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 217
Micrurus nigrocinctus ruatanus — ROZE 1983
Micrurus ruatanus — WELCH 1994: 89
Micrurus ruatanus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 453 
DistributionHonduras (restricted to the Bay Island = Islas de la Bahia, Roatán Island)

Type locality: Ruatan Island, Bay Islands, Honduras.  
TypesSyntype: MCZ R-26930 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Hedges SB, Powell R, Henderson RW, Hanson S, and Murphy JC 2019. Definition of the Caribbean Islands biogeographic region, with checklist and recommendations for standardized common names of amphibians and reptiles. Caribbean Herpetology 67: 1–53
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1933. Preliminary account of the coral snakes of Central America and Mexico. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. 20: 29-40. - get paper here
  • Silva Jr, Nelson Jorge da; Marcus Augusto Buononato & Darlan Tavares Feitosa 2016. AS COBRAS-CORAIS DO NOVO MUNDO. In: Silva (ed) Cobras corais do Brasil. Goiânia, pp. 41-69
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson,L.D. 1984. The status of Micrurus ruatanus (Günther), a coral snake endemic to the Bay lslands of Honduras. Herpetological Review 15: 67-68. - get paper here
  • Wilson,L.D.; McCranie,J.R. & Slowinski,J.B. 1992. Micrurus ruatanus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 545 - get paper here
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