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Mintonophis pakistanicus (MERTENS, 1959)

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Higher TaxaHomalopsidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Sind River Mud Snake 
SynonymEnhydris pakistanica MERTENS 1959
Enhydris pakistanica — DAS 1996: 56
Enhydris pakistanica — MURPHY 2007: 146
Enhydris pakistanica — WALLACH et al. 2014: 272
Mintonophis pakistanicus — MURPHY & VORIS 2014: 28
Enhydrus pakistanica — KHAN 2017 (in error) 

Type locality: "Jati, unteres Indus-Gebiet, Sind, West-Pakistan." [=Pakistan]. “  
TypesHolotype: SMF 56340, a 708 mm male (M.G. Konieczny, 5 June 1958). 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (genus): Large, relatively thin body, exceptionally long tail, very narrow ventrals on anterior, nasals in contact; dorsal scales smooth, in 29 rows at mid-body, chin shields greatly reduced in size or absent.

Diagnosis (species): “Eine schlanke Art der Gattung Enhydris mit schmalen Ventralia und sehr zahlreichen Subcaudalia (84-90), deren Zahl von keiner anderen Enhydris-Art erreicht wird.” (Mertens 1959) 
CommentType species: Enhydris pakistanica MERTENS 1959 is the type species of the genus Mintonophis MURPHY & VORIS 2014.

Diet: fish, frogs, crustaceans 
EtymologyNamed for its distribution in Pakistan.

The genus was named in honor of Sherman A. Minton, Jr. for his work on the Pakistan herpetofauna. Gender of the genus is feminine. 
  • Fabre, Anne-Claire; David Bickford, Marion Segall and Anthony Herrel 2016. The impact of diet, habitat use, and behaviour on head shape evolution in homalopsid snakes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12753 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1959. Eine neue Wassernatter aus West-Pakistan. Senckenbergiana biologica 40: 117-120
  • Murphy, J.C. & Voris, H.K. 2014. A Checklist and Key to the Homalopsid Snakes (Reptilia, Squamata, Serpentes), with the Description of New Genera. FIELDIANA: LIFE AND EARTH SCIENCES (8): 1–43 - get paper here
  • Murphy, John C. 2007. Homalopsid Snakes: Evolution in the Mud. Krieger Publishing, Malabar, Florida, 249 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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