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Mokopirirakau granulatus (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Forest gecko 
SynonymNaultinus granulatus GRAY 1845: 273
Naultinus pacificus — GRAY 1843 in DIEFFENBACH (partim)
Naultinus brevidactylus GRAY 1845: 273 (fide CHRAPLIWY et al. 1961)
Hoplodactylus (Naultinus) granulatus — HOCHSTETTER 1863: 429
Naultinus greyii KNOX 1870 (nec Naultinus grayii BELL 1843)
Naultinus sylvestris BULLER 1881 (fide CHRAPLIWY et al. 1961)
Naultinus versicolor COLENSO 1885: 149 (fide CHRAPLIWY et al. 1961)
Naultinus elegans — BOULENGER 1885 (partim)
Naultinus silvestris — BOULENGER 1885
Hoplodactylus granulatus — BOULENGER 1885: 174
Dactylocnemis granulatus — HUTTON & DRUMMOND 1904
Naultinus grayi — CHRAPLIWY et al. 1961 (nec Naultinus grayii BELL 1843)
Naultinus granulatus — CHRAPLIWY et al. 1961
Hoplodactylus granulatus — WERMUTH 1965: 95
Hoplodactylus granulatus — RÖSLER 1995: 71
Mokopirirakau granulatus — NIELSEN et al. 2011
Mokopirirakau granulatus — GOLLIN et al. 2020 
DistributionNew Zealand (except for the extreme north of the North Island and part of the central and southern South Island). Present on a number of offshore islands in Cook Strait and in the north and northeast of North Island.

Type locality: New Zealand  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.22.71, designated by Bauer (1990).
Holotype: BMNH 1946.9.8.16 [greyii] 
DiagnosisDefinition (genus). Pupils with crenulated margins; scansorial pad not continuous along length of distal phalanx; toes narrow, with straight lamellae, 7–14 lamellae beneath digit IV of pes; apical plates present at base of claw of digit I only; ventral skin opaque; mouth lining and tongue usually pigmented; precloacal pore series in males extending onto thighs; SVL 60–91 mm [NIELSEN et al. 2011]. 
CommentSynonymy: Heteropholis nebulosus MCCANN 1955 has been removed from the synonymy of Hoplodactylus granulatus.

Max. snout-vent-length: 93 mm.

Type species: Mokopirirakau granulatus (Gray, 1845) is the type species of the genus Mokopirirakau NIELSEN et al. 2011.

Maori nouns typically have no gender, but we treat Mokopirirakau as masculine for the purposes of nomenclatural construction. 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): Moko-piri-ra ̄kau is the Maori name for forest gecko. 
  • ADAMS, LYNN; PETER GAZE, ROD HITCHMOUGH, SUSAN KEALL & IVAN ROGERS 2017. A survey of Puangiangi with recommendations for restoration of the island’s lizard fauna. BioGecko (4): 26-34
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Buller, [W.] 1882. Naultinus sylvestris. P. 177. In Field, H. C. Naultinus sylvestris, Buller. New Zealand Journal of Science, 1:177-178.
  • Chrapliwy, P. S., H. M. Smith, and C. Grant. 1961. Systematic status of the geckonid lizard genera Gehyra, Peropus, Hoplodactylus and Naultinus. Herpetologica 17: 5-12 - get paper here
  • Coleman, R. 2007. Neuseeland - die Entdeckung neuer Geckos am Ende der Welt. Draco 7 (27): 28-31 - get paper here
  • Colenso, W. 1885. Description of a small lizard, a species of Naultinus, supposed to be new to science. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, 17 [1884]:149—151
  • Farmer, Louise. 2014. Live births: Forest gecko (Mokopirirakau granulatus) photographed giving birth. BioGecko (2): 52-53 - get paper here
  • Gollin, J. F., Gorman, N., & Armstrong, D. P. 2020. Twenty years on: changes in lizard encounter rates following eradication of rats from Kāpiti Island. New Zealand Journal of Ecology, 45(1), [2021] - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Henle, K. 1981. Die Herpetofauna Neuseelands, Teil 4: Endemische Geckos. Herpetofauna 3 (15): 16-19 - get paper here
  • Hitchmough, Rodney A.; Geoffrey B. Patterson, and David G. Chapple 2016. Putting a Name to Diversity: Taxonomy of the New Zealand Lizard Fauna. in: Chapple, D.G. (ed). New Zealand Lizards. Springer, pp. 87-108 - get paper here
  • Knox, F. J. 1870. On the anatomy of the Naultinus Greyii, or Brown Tree Lizard of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute for the year 1869, 2:20—21.
  • Nielsen, Stuart V.; Aaron M. Bauer, Todd R. Jackman, Rod A. Hitchmough and Charles H. Daugherty 2011. New Zealand geckos (Diplodactylidae): Cryptic diversity in a post-Gondwanan lineage with trans-Tasman affinities. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (1): 1-22 - get paper here
  • Robb,J. 1980. New Zealand Amphibians and Reptiles in Colour. Collins, Auckland, 128 pp.
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Studien an den Begattungsorganen der Geckos (Reptilia: Gekkota) - 3. Die Hemipenismorphologie von Arten der Gattungen Hoplodactylus FITZINGER 1843, Naultinus GRAY 1842, Oedura GRAY 1842, Rhacodactylus FITZINGER 1843 und Strophurus FITZINGER 1843 (Gek Gekkota 2: 220-248
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Rösler, Herbert 2017. Gecko-Chorologie (Squamata: Gekkota). Gekkota (4): 1-160
  • Thomas, B.W. 1981. Hoplodactylus rakiurae n. sp. (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Stewart Island, New Zealand and comments on the taxonomic status of Heteropholis nebulosus McCann. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 8: 33- 47 - get paper here
  • van Winkel, D., Baling, M. & Hitchmough, R. 2018. Reptiles and Amphibians of New Zealand: A field guide. Auckland University Press, Auckland, 376 pp
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