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Myriopholis yemenica (SCORTECCI, 1933)

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Leptotyphlopinae, Myriopholini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Yemen Blind Snake 
SynonymLeptotyphlops yemenicus SCORTECCI 1933
Leptotyphlops yemenicus — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007
Myriopholis yemenicus — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Myriopholis yemenica — WALLACH et al. 2014: 466 

Type locality:Yemen  
TypesHolotype: MSNM 3354 (Milano), collected 1933, donated by G. Franchini; Wallach & Lanza 2004: 86. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (yemenicus): With 12 midtail rows, Leptotyphlops yemenicus appears allied to L. burii and L. nursii, but it differs in its low middorsal count and high subcaudal count, short tail with large thorn-like apical spine, narrow depressed head, short and narrow rostral, supranasal and ocular shapes, and semilunate cloacal shield. In addition, it differs from L. nursii in its smaller frontal size and lack of a slight beak. Skull with a large frontoparietal foramen like L. cairi (from BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007). 
CommentDistribution: Not mentioned for Arabia by Egan 2007. For a map see Sindaco et al. 2013. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2007. A revision of the genus Leptotyphlops in northeastern Africa and southwestern Arabia (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 1408: 1–78 - get paper here
  • Scortecci,Giuseppe 1933. Leptotyphlops yemenicus sp. n. Atti Soc. ital. Sci. nat., Milano, 72: 165-166
  • Sindaco, R.; Alberto Venchi & Cristina Grieco 2013. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic, Volume 2: Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Snakes of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, with an Update to Volume 1. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 543 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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