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Nadzikambia mlanjensis (BROADLEY, 1965)

IUCN Red List - Nadzikambia mlanjensis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymChamaeleo mlanjense BROADLEY 1965
Bradypodion mlanjense — NECAS 1999: 275
Nadzikambia mlanjense — TILBURY et al. 2006
Nadzikambia mlanjensis — TILBURY 2010: 430
Nadzikambia mlanjensis — LIVIGNI 2013: 287 
DistributionMalawi (Ruo Gorge Forest on Mlanje Mt.)

Type locality: Ruo Gorge Forest on Mljanje Mt., Malawi  
TypesHolotype: NMZB, previously UM 4268 
DiagnosisDescription (genus): The unique hemipenis is rather short and stout with a short pedicel and shallow calyces. There are no rotulae on the apex, which are replaced with a pair of large fleshy, papillate lobes with scalloped edges. At the sulcal base of each lobe are one or two pedunculated papillae (Klaver & Böhme 1986).
The lungs show a structure similar to that of Kinyongia, with two pairs of long diverticulae trailing from the inferior and posterior surfaces of the lung. A series of four small septae alternate with five larger septae across the dorsal wall with several smaller septae arising from the ventral and cephalic walls. There is no gular pouch (Klaver 1977). The parietal peritoneum is unpigmented and reproduction oviparous.
The external morphology is largely conservative, and gular and ventral crests are absent. There is a weak dorsal crest, finely heterogeneous scalation that forms rosettes of tubercles on the lower flanks, and a low casque. Although cranial morphology remains undescribed, the external appearance of the cranial crests suggest that the cranium is constructed in the same manner as Kinyongia (Tilbury et al. 2006: 36). 
CommentType species: Chamaeleo mlanjensis BROADLEY 1966 is the type species of the genus Nadzikambia TILBURY et al. 2006. 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): The name Nadzikambia is derived from “Nadzikambe”, the name for chameleon in ChiChewa, the language used by the tribe that lives in the area around Mulanje Mountain in southern Malawi. The name Nadzikambe is Latinised by terminating it with the suffix “ia” thus giving it a feminine gender.

Etymology (species): named after the type locality. 
  • Broadley, D.G. 1965. A new chameleon from Malawi. Arnoldia 32 (1): 1-3.
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Tilbury C.R., Tolley K.A. & Branch W.R. 2006. A review of the systematics of the genus Bradypodion (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae), with the description of two new genera. Zootaxa 1363, 23–38 (correction in Zootaxa 1426: 68) - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • Tolley, Krystal A.; Colin R. Tilbury, William R. Branch and Conrad A. Matthee 2004. Phylogenetics of the southern African dwarf chameleons, Bradypodion (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30 (2): 354-365 - get paper here
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