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Nephrurus asper GÜNTHER, 1876

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Higher TaxaCarphodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Rough Knob-tail, Spiny Knob-tailed Gecko 
SynonymNephrurus asper GÜNTHER 1876
Nephrurus asper — BOULENGER 1885: 9
Nephrurus asper — STERNFELD 1925: 227
Nephrus asper — GUNDY & WURST 1976
Nephrurus asper — KLUGE 1993
Nephrurus asper — COGGER 2000: 254
Nephrurus asper — OLIVER & BAUER 2011
Nephrurus asper — COGGER 2014: 264
Nephrurus asper — RÖSLER 2018: 23 
DistributionN Australia (Queensland, Northern Territory, N Western Australia)

Type locality: Peak Downs, Qld.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.23.34 
DiagnosisDefinition (genus): The most inclusive clade containing N. asper Günther1876, but neither Underwoodisaurus milii nor Uvidicolus gen. nov. sphyrurus. A genus of moderately to very large (adult SVL 80–137 mm) carphodactylid geckos; ventral toe scalation spinose; toes relatively short and rounded in cross section; phalangeal formula reduced ( or; anterior loreals much smaller than posterior loreals, labial scales onl y slightly lar-ger than neighboring scales, 25–26 presacral vertebrae, original tailhighly variable, ranging from extremely vestigal to relatively largea nd fat with 20–32 postsacral vertebrae, post pygal pleurapophysis absent or reduced, but always terminating in a small knob [from OLIVER & BAUER 2011]. 
CommentType species: Nephrurus asper GÜNTHER 1876 is the type species of the genus Nephrurus GÜNTHER 1876. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “asper(a)” = rough. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Breeden, Stanley 1988. The first Australians. National Geographic 173(2): 266-289
  • Broom, R. 1898. On the lizards of the Chillagoe District, N Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 22: 639-645 [1897] - get paper here
  • Bustard, H.R. 1967. Defensive dispaly behaviour of the Australian gecko Nephrurus asper Herpetologica 23 (2): 126-129. - get paper here
  • Christian, K. 1993. Egg Size of the Prickly Knob- Tailed Gecko (Nephrurus asper) witha Preliminary Comparison of Investment Per Progeny among Gecko. Jour. Int. Gecko Soc. 1 (4): 38-41
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper P J; Gregson R A M 1994. Redescription of Nephrurus asper Gunther, and description of N. amyae sp. nov. and N. sheai sp. nov. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 37(1): 53-67
  • Günther, A. 1876. Descriptions of new species of reptiles from Australia collected by Hr. Dämel for the Godeffroy Museum. Journal des Museum Godeffroy 5 (12):45-47 - get paper here
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2013. Der grosse raue Knopfschwanzgecko, Nephrurus amyae. Natur und Tier Verlag, 64 pp.
  • Longman, H. A. 1918. Notes on some Queensland and Papuan reptiles. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 6: 37-44
  • Love, B. 2012. Börsenbesuch down under. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (94): 18-19 - get paper here
  • Oliver, P.M. & Bauer, A.M. 2011. Systematics. and evolution of the Australian knob-tail geckos (Nephrurus, Carphodactylidae, Gekkota): Pleisomorphic grades and biome shifts through the Miocene. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (3): 664-674 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2018. Haftbar -- Die einzigartige Welt der Geckos. Begleitheft zur Ausstellung im Naturkundemuseum Erfurt Mai-Aug 2018, 96 pp.
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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