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Oligodon catenatus (BLYTH, 1854)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Assam Kukri Snake
Chinese: 菱斑小头蛇 
SynonymCalamaria catenata BLYTH 1854: 287
Calamaria catenata — SCLATER 1891
Oligodon herberti BOULENGER 1905 (fideSMITH 1943)
Oligodon Herberti var. Eberhardti PELLEGRIN 1910
Oligodon herberti — WALL 1923: 467
Oligodon eberhardti — POPE 1935
Macrocalamus wongii FAN 1931
Oligodon catenatus — SMITH 1940
Oligodon catenata — SMITH 1943: 232
Oligodon catenatus — DAS 1996: 58
Rhynchocalamus eberhardti
Oligodon catenata — ZHAO 2006
Oligodon catenata — DAVID et al. 2011
Oligodon catenatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 495
Oligodon catenatus — NGUYEN et al. 2020 
DistributionIndia (Mizoram etc.), Myanmar (= Burma), Vietnam, Cambodia, S China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Yunnan), Thailand

Type locality: Assam  
TypesHolotype: lost (Sang et al. 2009, Smith 1943) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Oligodon catenatus is very similar to, has been confused with, O. eberhardti (Thy and Nguyen 2012), but they differ by the absence of the loreal in O. catenatus (Pham et al. 2014). Among the 22 species of Oligodon known from Indo-China, the loreal is absent only in three species: O. catenatus (Blyth 1854), O. annamensis (Leviton 1953), and O. lacroixi (Angel and Bourret 1933); and it is facultatively absent in both O. mouhoti (Boulenger 1914) and O. macrurus (Angel 1927) [from Lalbiakzuala & Lalremsanga 2020] 
CommentSynonymy: Oligodon eberhardti has been renomved from the synonymy of O. catenata.

Oligodon herberti is supposed to have solid vertebral stripe. Oligodon eberhardti is supposed to have broken vertebral stripes. 
  • Blyth, EDWARD. 1855. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little known [part 2]. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 23 (3): 287-302 [1854] - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; INDRANEIL DAS & GERNOT VOGEL 2011. On some taxonomic and nomenclatural problems in Indian species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae). Zootaxa 2799: 1–14 - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • GONG Shi-Ping; Markus Auer; ZHANG Ying-Yang; ZHONG Guo-Fang; ZENG Jin-Dong 2010. A New Record of Oligodon catenata in Guangdong Province,China. Chinese J. Zool. - get paper here
  • JIANG, Ke; Tianbo CHEN, Patrick DAVID, Gernot VOGEL, Mian HOU, Zhiyong YUAN, Yuanjun MENG and Jing CHE 2012. On the Occurrence of Oligodon joynsoni (Smith, 1917) in China (Squamata: Colubridae). Asian Herpetological Research 3 (4): 316–321 - get paper here
  • Lalbiakzuala, Lalremsanga HT. 2020. Rediscovery of Oligodon catenatus (Blyth, 1854) (Squamata: Colubridae) from India. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 14(3) [General Section]: 226-230
  • Lee JL, Yang J-H, Yushchenko P, Poyarkov Jr NA 2021. Rediscovery and distribution extension of the rare Kukri Snake, Oligodon hamptoni Boulenger, 1918 (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae), with the first record of this species from China. Herpetozoa 34: 13-21 - get paper here
  • NEANG, THY; L. LEE GRISMER & JENNIFER C. DALTRY 2012. A new species of kukri snake (Colubridae: Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826) from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary, Cardamom Mountains, southwest Cambodia. Zootaxa 3388: 41–55 - get paper here
  • Nguyen HN, Tran BV, Nguyen LH, Neang T, Yushchenko PV, Poyarkov NA. 2020. A new species of Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 from the Langbian Plateau, southern Vietnam, with additional information on Oligodon annamensis Leviton, 1953 (Squamata: Colubridae). PeerJ 8: e8332 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Pellegrin,J. 1910. Description d'une variété nouvelle de l'Oligodon herberti Boulenger, Provenant du Tonkin. Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr. 35: 30-32 - get paper here
  • Pham AV, Ziegler T, Nguyen TQ 2020. New records and an updated checklist of snakes from Son La Province, Vietnam. Biodiversity Data Journal 8: e52779 - get paper here
  • Pham, Anh Van; Son Lan Hung Nguyen, Truong Quang Nguyen 2014. New records of snakes (Squamata: Serpentes) from Son La Province, Vietnam. Herpetology Notes 7: 771-777 - get paper here
  • Sclater,W.L. 1891. Notes on a collection of snakes in the Indian Museum, with descriptions of several new species. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal LX: 230-250 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • VASSILIEVA, ANNA B.; PETER GEISSLER, EDUARD A. GALOYAN, NIKOLAY Jr A. POYARKOV, ROBERT WAYNE VAN DEVENDER, WOLFGANG BÖHME 2013. A new species of Kukri Snake (Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826; Squamata: Colubridae) from the Cat Tien National Park, southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 3702 (3): 233–246 - get paper here
  • Wall, FRANK 1923. Notes on a collection of snakes from Sinlum Kaba. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 29 (2): 466-468. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang K, Lyu ZT, Wang J, Qi S, Che J 2022. Updated Checklist and Zoogeographic Division of the Reptilian Fauna of Yunnan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (4): 21326, 1–31 - get paper here
  • Wang, C. G. M. Z. X., Jia, S. Y. K. T. L., & Hu, C. Z. J. 2022. An updated species checklist of amphibians and reptiles in Fujian Province, China. Biodiversity Science, 22090 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
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