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Oligodon hamptoni BOULENGER, 1918

IUCN Red List - Oligodon hamptoni - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Hampton's Kukri Snake 
SynonymOligodon hamptoni BOULENGER 1918
Oligodon hamptoni — SMITH 1943: 235
Oligodon hamptoni — DOWLING & JENNER 1988
Oligodon hamptoni — DAVID & VOGEL 2012
Oligodon hamptoni — WALLACH et al. 2014: 498
Oligodon hamptoni — NGUYEN et al. 2020 
DistributionMyanmar [= Burma] (Kachin, Sagaing), 300-1500 m elevation [fide WALLACH, pers. comm.], China (Yunnan)

Type locality: "Mogok, Upper Burma." [= Mogok, southeastern Sagaing Division, northern Myanmar, 22˚55'N, 96˚30'E, 300 m]  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.1.71, a 540 male (H. Hampton). 
DiagnosisDescription: A broad yellow vertebral stripe, from the nape to the end of the tail, between a pair of reddish-brown, black-edged dorsal stripes of about the same width; sides bluish-grey, with two narrower dark brown stripes, the lower interrupted; head dark brown, with yellowish, crescentic markings, namely, one across the snout, another on the top of the head, and two oblique ones behind which are interrupted on the mid-line; belly red, with black bars occupying a whole ventral shield or interrupted and alternating; lower surface of tail uniform red [from SMITH 1943]. 
EtymologyNamed after Herbert Hampton, a friend of G.A. Boulenger, who inferred in his description that the holotypes of the snake was collected by Hampton. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1918. Description of a new snake of the genus Oligodon from Upper Burma. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1918: 9-10 - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK & GERNOT VOGEL 2012. A new species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae) from Pulau Nias, Indonesia. Zootaxa 3201: 58–68 - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; TRUONG QUANG NGUYEN, TAO THIEN NGUYEN, KE JIANG, TIANBO CHEN, ALEXANDRE TEYNIÉ & THOMAS ZIEGLER 2012. A new species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae) from northern Vietnam, southern China and central Laos. Zootaxa 3498: 45–62 - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Lee JL, Yang J-H, Yushchenko P, Poyarkov Jr NA 2021. Rediscovery and distribution extension of the rare Kukri Snake, Oligodon hamptoni Boulenger, 1918 (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae), with the first record of this species from China. Herpetozoa 34: 13-21 - get paper here
  • Nguyen HN, Tran BV, Nguyen LH, Neang T, Yushchenko PV, Poyarkov NA. 2020. A new species of Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 from the Langbian Plateau, southern Vietnam, with additional information on Oligodon annamensis Leviton, 1953 (Squamata: Colubridae). PeerJ 8: e8332 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang K, Lyu ZT, Wang J, Qi S, Che J 2022. Updated Checklist and Zoogeographic Division of the Reptilian Fauna of Yunnan Province, China. Biodiversity Science 30 (4): 21326, 1–31 - get paper here
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