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Oligodon lacroixi ANGEL & BOURRET, 1933

IUCN Red List - Oligodon lacroixi - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Lacroix Kukri Snake
Chinese: 圆斑小头蛇 
SynonymOligodon lacroixi ANGEL & BOURRET 1933: 138
Opisthotropis Lacroixi ANGEL & BOURRET 1933
Oligodon lacroixi — SMITH 1943: 236
Oligodon lacroixi — PAUWELS et al. 2002
Oligodon lacroixi — DAVID & VOGEL 2012
Oligodon lacroixi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 499
Oligodon lacroixi — NGUYEN et al. 2020 
DistributionN Vietnam,
China (Yunnan, Sichuan)

Type locality: Chapa, Tonkin (= Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province, N Vietnam)  
TypesLectotype: MNHN-RA 1933.0001; paralectotype: MNHN-RA 1994.1365 (formerly MNHN-RA 1933.0001A); other specimens: ZISP, KIZ 
DiagnosisColoration in life. Body dark brown above, irides- cent, with four indistinct black longitudinal stripes, median pair bordering vertebral series of scales; a verte- bral series of small orange, rounded, black-edged spots. Belly orange with alternate transverse black bars, in width of 1 (rarely 2) ventral scales, and its length about one half of ventral scale. Head dark brown above with 3 light orange, oblique, in ?-shape markings: one behind rostral, one behind eyes, and another one in posterior.

O. hamptoni can be distinguished from O. lacroixi by having a small loreal, temporals 1 + 1, postocular 1, TL 590 mm, back with a broad yellow vertebral stripe (vs. loreal absent; temporals 1 + 2, postoculars 2; TL 800 mm; back with a series of orange vertebral spots) (Bourret, 1936; Smith, 1943; Zhao, 2006, Orlov et al. 2010).

Originald description (in French): Angel & Bourret 1933: 138; Orlov et al. 2010 also described a female (ZISP 25956).

CommentPope (1935) suspected that O. lacroixi may be conspecific with burmanese O. hamptoni Boulenger, 1918 
  • Angel,F. & BOURRET,R. 1933. Sur une pe tite collection de serpents du Tonkin. Descriptions d'espèce nouvelles. Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr. 58: 129-140
  • DAVID, PATRICK & GERNOT VOGEL 2012. A new species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae) from Pulau Nias, Indonesia. Zootaxa 3201: 58–68 - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; TRUONG QUANG NGUYEN, TAO THIEN NGUYEN, KE JIANG, TIANBO CHEN, ALEXANDRE TEYNIÉ & THOMAS ZIEGLER 2012. A new species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae) from northern Vietnam, southern China and central Laos. Zootaxa 3498: 45–62 - get paper here
  • Deng Qixian, Wang Shizhao Wu Guangju 1994. A NEW RECORD OF SNAKES IN SICHUAN PROVINCE - THE DISCOVERY OF OLIGODON LACROIXI ANGEL ET BOURRET. Journal of China West Normal University(Natural Sciences) 1994-02 - get paper here
  • Ebert, M. 2016. Erstnachzucht der Lacroix-Kukri-Natter (Oligodon lacroixi). Terraria-Elaphe 2016 (5): 62-69 - get paper here
  • He X R; Yang D T 1979. A new record of Chinese snake from Yunnan. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 4 (1): 97
  • Lee JL, Yang J-H, Yushchenko P, Poyarkov Jr NA 2021. Rediscovery and distribution extension of the rare Kukri Snake, Oligodon hamptoni Boulenger, 1918 (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae), with the first record of this species from China. Herpetozoa 34: 13-21 - get paper here
  • NEANG, THY; L. LEE GRISMER & JENNIFER C. DALTRY 2012. A new species of kukri snake (Colubridae: Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826) from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary, Cardamom Mountains, southwest Cambodia. Zootaxa 3388: 41–55 - get paper here
  • Nguyen HN, Tran BV, Nguyen LH, Neang T, Yushchenko PV, Poyarkov NA. 2020. A new species of Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 from the Langbian Plateau, southern Vietnam, with additional information on Oligodon annamensis Leviton, 1953 (Squamata: Colubridae). PeerJ 8: e8332 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Orlov, Nikolai L.; Sergei A. Ryabov, Tao Thien Nguyen, and Truong Quang Nguyen 2010. Rediscovery and Redescription of Two Rare Snake Species: Oligodon lacroixi Angel et Bourret, 1933 and Maculophis bellus chapaensis (Bourret, 1934) [Squamata: Ophidia: Colubridae] from Fansipan Mountains, Northern Vietnam. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (4): 310-322 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G., Wallach, V., David, P. & Chanhome, L. 2002. A New Species of Oligodon (Serpentes, Colubridae) from Southern Peninsular Thailand. Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University, 2 (2): 7-18 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • VASSILIEVA, ANNA B.; PETER GEISSLER, EDUARD A. GALOYAN, NIKOLAY Jr A. POYARKOV, ROBERT WAYNE VAN DEVENDER, WOLFGANG BÖHME 2013. A new species of Kukri Snake (Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826; Squamata: Colubridae) from the Cat Tien National Park, southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 3702 (3): 233–246 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
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