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Oplurus cyclurus (MERREM, 1820)

IUCN Red List - Oplurus cyclurus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaOpluridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Merrem's Madagascar Swift
G: Madagaskarleguan, Kugelechse 
SynonymUromastyx cyclurus MERREM 1820: 56
Oplurus Maximiliani DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 365
Doryphorus Maximiliani — FITZINGER 1843: 77
Tropidurus cyclurus — GRAY 1845: 225
Hoplurus Barnardi PETERS 1854 (part.)
Hoplurus cyclurus — PETERS 1882: 32
Hoplurus cyclurus — BOULENGER 1885: 130
Oplurus cyclurus — SAVAGE 1952: 182
Oplurus cyclurus — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 260
Oplurus cyclurus — SCHLÜTER 2013: 61 
DistributionSW Madagascar (Tuléar Province and extending northward into SW Majunga Province)

Type locality: Brasilia (in error)  
TypesHolotype: unlocated (AMNH Opluridae catalogue)
Holotype: MNHN-RA [Maximiliani] 
CommentSynonymy partly after BOULENGER 1885 and SCHLÜTER 2013. 
  • Akeret, Beat 2015. Sukkulenten – Überlebenskünstler in Trockengebieten. Draco 16 (62): 6-20
  • Altmanová, Marie; Michail Rovatsos, Lukáš Kratochvíl, andMartina Johnson Pokorná 2016. Minute Y chromosomes and karyotype evolution in Madagascan iguanas (Squamata: Iguania: Opluridae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12751 - get paper here
  • Altmanová, Marie; Michail Rovatsos, Lukáš Kratochvíl, andMartina Johnson Pokorná, 2016. Minute Y chromosomes and karyotype evolution in Madagascan iguanas (Squamata: Iguania: Opluridae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 118: 618–633; DOI: 10.1111/bij.12751 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1918. Vertebrata from Madagascar. 2. Amphibia and Reptilia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 61 (14): 479-489. - get paper here
  • Blanc, C. P. 1977. Reptiles sauriens Iguanidae. Faune de Madagascar 45: 1-195
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • CHAN, L. M., CHOI, D., RASELIMANANA, A. P., RAKOTONDRAVONY, H. A. and YODER, A. D. 2012. Defining spatial and temporal patterns of phylogeographic structure in Madagascar’s iguanid lizards (genus Oplurus). Molecular Ecology, 21: 3839–3851. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05651.x - get paper here
  • Cocca, W., G. M. Rosa, F. Andreone, G. Aprea, P. E. Bergò, F. Mattioli, V. Mercurio, J. E. Randrianirina, D. Rosado, M. Vences & A. Crottini 2018. The herpetofauna (Amphibia, Crocodylia, Squamata, Testudines) of the Isalo Massif, Southwest Madagascar: combining morphological, molecular and museum data. Salamandra 54 (3): 178-200 plus Supplementary Material - get paper here
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Annette Olsonn, David Henson, Sunil Kumar, and David Emmett. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of the Lower Onilahy River Valley, a Temporary Protected Area in Southwest Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 4: 62-79 - get paper here
  • Deliége, Glenn 1995. Oplurus cyclurus (Gray, 1845). Terra 31 (6): 189-190
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Grubenmann, M. 2006. Madagaskar-Leguane - Teil 2. Iguana Rundschreiben 19 (2): 5-10
  • Meier,H. 1982. Leguane aus Madagaskar. Herpetofauna 4 (17): 22-27 [erratum in 4 (18): 33] - get paper here
  • Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien I (Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum). J. C. Kriegeri, Marburg, 191 pp. - get paper here
  • Münchenberg, Tobias, Katharina C. Wollenberg, Frank Glaw and Miguel Vences. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and geographic variation of Malagasy iguanas (Oplurus and Chalarodon). Amphibia- Reptilia 29(3):319-327
  • Pejak, J. 2011. Madagaskar 2011: Auf der Suche - nicht nur nach Phelsuma gouldi. Der Taggecko 76: 4-9
  • Peters,W. 1882. Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique auf Befehl seiner Majestät es Königs Friedrich Wilhelm IV. in den Jahren 1842 bis 1848 ausgefeführt von Wilhelm C. Peters. Zoologie III. Amphibien. Berlin (Reimer), 191pp.
  • Savage, J. M. 1952. The correct generic names for the iguanid lizards of Madagascar and the Fidji islands. Copeia 1952 (3): 182 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, Uwe 2013. Madagaskarleguane - Lebensweise, Pflege und Fortpflanzung. KUS-Verlag, 88 pp. - get paper here
  • Van Beest, Piet 2004. Herpetologische waarnemingen op Madagascar - deel 2: Fianarantsoa en verder naar het zuiden. Lacerta 62 (3): 92-103 - get paper here
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