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Orientocoluber spinalis (PETERS, 1866)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Slender Racer
Russian: Полосатый полоз
Chinese: 黄脊游蛇 
SynonymMasticophis spinalis PETERS 1866: 91
Zamenis bocourti JAN 1866: 6
Zamenis cataphoranotus JAN 1867
Zamenis spinalis — GÜNTHER 1872: 22
Coluber spinalis — GARMAN 1884: 45
Zamenis spinalis — BOULENGER 1893: 394
Zamenis spinalis — STEJNEGER 1907: 349
Coluber spinalis — SLEVIN 1925
Zamenis spinalis — RENDAHL 1933: 31
Coluber spinalis —SCHÄTTI & WILSON 1986
Hierophis spinalis — SCHÄTTI 1988
Hierophis spinalis — NAGY et al. 2004
Coluber spinalis — ZHAO 2006
Hierophis spinalis — NAGY 2010 (pers. comm.)
Orientocoluber spinalis — KHARIN 2011
Coluber spinalis — SEUNG HOON 2012
Orientocoluber spinalis — WALLACH et al. 2014
Orientocoluber spinalis — MACIAS et al. 2021 
DistributionE Kazakhstan, Russia, Mongolia,
N China (Xinjiang in the west to Heiongjiang in the east, northward to Jiangsu; Shantung, Honan, Gansu, Suiyuan, Shansi, Hopei, Jehol, Anhui),
North Korea, South Korea

Type locality: China ?; corrected to “eastern Asia (Stajneger 1907: 351), see comment.  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 5367 
CommentTerra typica: “Mexico” (in error; see Zhao & Adler 1993). In the ZMB catalogue the locality “Mexico” is crossed out and overwritten by the word “China” in Peter’s hand (fide BAUER et al. 1995).

Distribution: For a map see Sindaco et al. 2013.

Phylogenetics: NAGY et al. (2004) present some genetic evidence that H. spinalis may be associated with Eirenis, thus becoming a member of this genus.

Synonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907.

Type species: Masticophis spinalis PETERS 1866 is the type species of the genus Orientocoluber KHARIN 2011. 
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
  • Garman,Samuel 1884. The reptiles and batrachians of North America. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool, Cambridge (Massachusetts), 8 (3): xxxiv + 185 pp. [1883] [CNAH reprint 10] - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1872. Seventh account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 9: 13-37 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1866. In: In F. Bocourt, Notes sur les reptiles, les batraciens et les poisons recueilis pendant un voyage dans le Royaume de Siam. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris 2 (4):4–20 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1867. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 23. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Kharin V E 2011. Annotated catalogue of amphibians and reptiles (Amphibia, Reptilia) of the Far-Eastern Marine Biosphere FEB RAS [in Russian]. Biodiversity and Environment of Far East Reserves, Vladivostok, DVMBGPZ DVO RAN 2011 (1): 30-48
  • Kharin VE & Akulenko, MV 2008. Rare and little-known snakes of North-Eastern Eurasia. 1. A new record of Hierophis spinalis (Colubridae) from Russian Far East [in Russian]. Current Studies in Herpetology 8 (2): 160-169 [СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ГЕРПЕТОЛОГИЯ] - get paper here
  • Kharin, V. E. 2011. Rare and little-known snakes of the North-Eastern Eurasia. 3. On the taxonomic status of the slender racer Hierophis spinalis (Serpentes: Colubridae). Current Studies in Herpetology 11 (3/4): 173 – 179 (СОВРЕМЕННАЯ ГЕРПЕТОЛОГИЯ) - get paper here
  • Macey, J. Robert;Papenfuss, Theodore J.;Zhao, Ermi 1988. The snakes of Ningxia Hui autonomous region as an indication of a herpetofaunal corridor. Chinese Herpetological Research 2 (1): 4-5
  • Macias, D., Shin, Y., & Borzée, A. 2021. An update on the conservation status and ecology of Korean terrestrial squamates. Journal for Nature Conservation, 125971 - get paper here
  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Nagy, Z.T., J.F. Schmidtler, U. Joger & M. Wink 2003. Systematik der Zwergnattern (Reptilia: Colubridae: Eirenis) und verwandter Gruppen anhand von DNA-Sequenzen und morphologischen Daten. Salamandra 39 (3-4): 149-168 - get paper here
  • Nagy, Z.T.; R. Lawson, U. Joger, M. Wink 2004. Molecular systematics of racers, whipsnakes and relatives (Reptilia: Colubridae) using mitochondrial and nuclear markers. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 42 (3): 223-233 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Park D, Kim I-H, Park I-K, Grajal-Puche A, Park J 2022. A comparison of gene organisations and phylogenetic relationships of all 22 squamate species listed in South Korea using complete mitochondrial DNA. ZooKeys 1129: 21-35 - get paper here
  • PARK, IL-KOOK; AMAËL BORZÉE, JAEJIN PARK, SEONG-HUN MIN, YONG-PU ZHANG, SHU-RAN LI & DAESIK PARK. 2022. Past, present, and future predictions on the suitable habitat of the Slender racer (Orientocoluber spinalis) using species distribution models. Ecology and Evolution 12(8): e9169. - get paper here
  • PARK, IL-KOOK; JAEJIN PARK, JIHO PARK, SEONG-HUN MIN, ALEJANDRO GRAJAL-PUCHE & DAESIK PARK. 2021. Predation of the Japanese keelback (Hebius vibakari Boie, 1826) by the Slender racer (Orientocoluber spinalis Peters, 1866). Journal of Ecology and Environment 45(1): 19. - get paper here
  • Peters. WILHELM C. H. 1866. Mittheilung über neue Amphibien (Amphibolurus, Lygosoma, Cyclodus, Masticophis, Crotaphopeltis) und Fische (Diagramma, Hapalogenys) des Kgl. Zoologischen Museums. Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wissensch. Berlin, 1866: 86-96. - get paper here
  • Rendahl, Hialmar 1933. Die Unterarten des Ancistrodon halys Pall. nebst elnigen Bemerkungen zur Herpetologie Zentralasiens. Arkiv för Zoologi 25 (8): 1-31
  • Schätti B; Wilson L D 1986. Coluber Linnaeus. Holarctic racers. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 399: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Schätti, B. 1988. Systematik und Evolution der Schlangengattung Hierophis Fitzinger, 1843. PhD Diss. Univ. Zürich 1988
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Shannon, F.A. 1956. The reptiles and amphibians of Korea. Herpetologica 12 (1): 22-49 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R.; Alberto Venchi & Cristina Grieco 2013. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic, Volume 2: Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Snakes of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, with an Update to Volume 1. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 543 pp. - get paper here
  • Slevin, JOSEPH R. 1925. Contributions to Oriental herpetology. II. Korea or Chosen. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 14 (5): 89-100. - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • XU Xuefeng, HUANG Jian, ZHANG Long, ZHANG Meng 2000. Coluber spinalis, a record new to Anhui Province. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 19 (3) - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Zou, Shou-Chang;Chen, Cai-fa 1998. Studies of snakes of the Jiangsu Province. Russ. J. Herpetol. 5 (1): 85-88 - get paper here
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