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Oxybelis wilsoni VILLA & MCCRANIE, 1995

IUCN Red List - Oxybelis wilsoni - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Roatan Vinesnake 
SynonymOxybelis wilsoni VILLA & MCCRANIE 1995
Oxybelis wilsoni — WALLACH et al. 2014: 516 
DistributionHonduras (Isla de Roatan)

Type locality: Isla de Roatan, Islas de la Bahía, Honduras.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 318010 
DiagnosisOxybelis wilsoni differs from all species of Oxybelis in its tan to golden yellow coloration, in having a higher number of subcaudals as well as in other details of color and scutellation. The species is closely related to O. fulgidus and is thought to be derived from a fulgidus-like ancestor (i.e., is the sister species to fulgidus). 
CommentPhylogenetics: Jadin et al. 2020 found O. wilsoni to nest within O. fulgidus

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Larry David Wilson (b. 1940), a herpetologist at the Department of Biology, Miami-Dade Community College, Florida. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Groves, J.D. 1995. Reproduction and feeding behavior of Oxybelis wilsoni, a new species of vine snake (Squamata: Serpentes). Revista de Biologia Tropical 43 (1): 307 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Hedges SB, Powell R, Henderson RW, Hanson S, and Murphy JC 2019. Definition of the Caribbean Islands biogeographic region, with checklist and recommendations for standardized common names of amphibians and reptiles. Caribbean Herpetology 67: 1–53
  • Jadin, R.C., Blair, C., Jowers, M.J., Carmona, A., Murphy, J.C. 2019. Hiding in the lianas of the tree of life: molecular phylogenetics and species delimitation reveal considerable cryptic diversity of New World Vine Snakes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, J. R. & Valdés-Orellana, L. 2012. Oxybelis wilsoni (yellow snake) reproduction. Herpetological Review 43: 661 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 1999. Notes on the type series of Oxybelis wilsoni Villa and McCranie. Herpetological Review 30 (1): 11-12 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Villa, J.D. & McCranie, J.R. 1995. Oxybeltis wilsoni, a new species of vine from Isla de Roatan, Honduras (Serpentes: Colubridae). Revista de Biologia Tropical 43 (1-3): 297-305. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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