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Panaspis togoensis (WERNER, 1902)

IUCN Red List - Panaspis togoensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Togo Lidless Skink 
SynonymLygosoma togoense WERNER 1902: 337
Lygosoma kitsoni BOULENGER 1913: 565
Lygosoma (Riopa) houyi STERNFELD 1916
Lygosoma spurelli BOULENGER 1917: 407
Lygosoma (Riopa) dahomeyense CHABANAUD 1917
Paralygosoma monneti CHABANAUD 1917 (fide BÖHME et al. 2011: 5)
Riopa (Panaspis) togoense — SMITH 1937: 229
Riopa (Panaspis) kitsoni — SMITH 1937: 229
Lygosoma (Panaspis) breviceps togoense (non WERNER) LOVERIDGE 1952: 237
Panaspis kitsoni — GREER 1974: 29
Panaspis breviceps togoense — HOOGMEOD 1980
Leptosiaphos (Lacertaspis) kitsonii — BROADLEY 1989: 441
Panaspis kitsoni — LEBRETON 1999
Panaspis togoensis — CHIRIO & INEICH 2006 
DistributionIvory Coast, Central African Republic, Nigeria; Ashanti (fide SMITH 1937), Cameroon, Ghana, Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger, probably in Chad (L. Chirio, pers. comm.), Guinea (Conakry), Republic of South Sudan (RSS), Sudan (Jumhūriyyat)

Type locality: Atakpame, Togo

kitsoni: Zaire (Ruwenzori Mountains). Reported from Cameroon by Fuhn 1972. Type locality: “Western Province of Southern Nigeria”  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 18911
Syntypes: BMNH 1908.10.12.2 / 1946.8.15.72; 1912.2.15.42 / 1946.8.15.73 [kitsoni]
Holotype: ZMB 25478 [houyi]
Syntypes: MNHN 1917.17, 1917.78–80 [dahomeyense] 
CommentSynonymy after SCHMITZ 2005, partly after PERRET 1973, FUHN 1969. 
  • Böhme, Wolfgang, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Christian Brede & Philipp Wagner 2011. The reptiles (Testudines, Squamata, Crocodylia) of the forested southeast of the Republic Guinea (Guinée forestière), with a country-wide checklist. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 35-61 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1913. Descriptions of new lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 12: 563-565 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G. A. 1917. Descriptions of a new lizard and two new frogs discovered in West Africa by Dr. H. G. F. Spurelli. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 19: 407-409 - get paper here
  • Chabanaud, P. 1917. Enumération des reptiles non encore étudiés de l'Afrique occidentale, appartenant aux collections du Muséum, avec la description des espèces nouvelles. Bull. Mus. nat. Hist. nat. Paris 23: 83-105. - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. 2009. Inventaire des reptiles de la région de la Réserve de Biosphère Transfrontalière du W (Niger/Bénin/Burkina Faso: Afrique de l’Ouest). [Herpetological survey of the W Transfrontier Biosphere Reserve area (Niger/Benin/Burkina Faso: West Africa]. Bull. Soc. Herp. France (132): 13-41 - get paper here
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Fuhn, I. E. 1972. Révision du Phylum forestier du genre Panaspis Cope (Reptilia, Scincidae, Lygosominae). Rev. roum. Biol., sér Zool., 17 (4): 257-271
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S. 1979. Herpetologische waarnemingen in Ghana [part 1 - introduction]. Lacerta 37 (10-11): 164-168 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S. 1980. Herpetologische waarnemingen in Ghana [part 5]. Lacerta 38 (7): 62-65 - get paper here
  • Joger, U. 1982. Zur Herpetofaunistik Kameruns (II). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 33 (2-4): 313-319 - get paper here
  • Leache, A. D., Oaks, J. R., Ofori‐Boateng, C. and Fujita, M. K. 2020. Comparative phylogeography of West African amphibians and reptiles. Evolution - get paper here
  • Leaché, Adam D.; Mark-Oliver Rödel, Charles W. Linkem, Raul E. Diaz, Annika Hillers, and Matthew K. Fujita 2006. Biodiversity in a forest island: reptiles and amphibians of the Togo Hills, Kyabobo National Park, Ghana. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 4 (1): 22-45 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1952. Mission A. Villiers au Togo et au Dahomey (1950), XII. Tortoises and Lizards. Bull. Inst. fond. Afr. noire 15: 229-242 [237]
  • Musah, Yahaya; Benjamin Y. Ofori and Daniel K. Attuquayefio 2019. Herpetofauna community diversity and composition of a changing coastal wetland in Ghana. West African Journal of Applied Ecology 27 (1): 52 - 65
  • Musah, Yahaya; Daniel K. Attuquayefio, Benjamin Y. Ofori and Erasmus H. Owusu 2015. Herpetofauna under threat: A study of Kogyae Strict Nature Reserve, Ghana. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 7 (11): 420-428 - get paper here
  • Nneji, Lotanna Micah; Adeniyi Charles Adeola, , Agboola Okeyoyin, Ojo Cornelius Oladipo, Yohanna Saidu, Dinatu Samuel, John Yinamga Usongo, Babatunde Emmanuel Adedeji, Olatunde Omotoso, Akindele OluwatosinAdeyi, ObihAlexUgwumba,andAdiahaAldaAlexUgwum 2019. Diversity and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in Gashaka Gumti National Park, Nigeria. Herpetology Notes 12: 543-559 - get paper here
  • Perret J L 1973. Contribution à l'étude des Panaspis (Reptilia, Scincidae) d'Afrique occidentale avec la description de deux espèces nouvelles. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 80 (2): 595-630 - get paper here
  • Perret,J. L. 1975. La différentiation dans le genre Panaspis COPE (Reptilia, Scincidae). Bull. Soc. neuchâtel. Sci. Nat., 98: 5-16
  • Raxworthy,C.J. & Attuquayefio,D.K. 2000. Herpetofaunal communities at Muni Lagoon in Ghana. Biodiversity and Conservation 9: 501-510
  • Rödel,M. O., Grabow,K., Hallermann,J. & Böckheler,C. 1997. Die Echsen des Comoé-Nationalparks, Elfenbeinküste. Salamandra 33 (4): 225-240 - get paper here
  • SCHMITZ, ANDREAS; IVAN INEICH & LAURENT CHIRIO 2005. Molecular review of the genus Panaspis sensu lato (Reptilia: Scincidae) in Cameroon, with special reference to the status of the proposed subgenera. Zootaxa 863: 1–28 - get paper here
  • Segniagbeto, Gabriel Hoinsoude; Jean-François Trape, Komlan M. Afiademanyo, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Annemarie Ohler, Alain Dubois, Patrick David, Danny Meirte, Isabelle Adolé Glitho, Fabio Petrozzi, and Luca Luiselli 2015. Checklist of the lizards of Togo (West Africa), with comments on systematics, distribution, ecology, and conservation. Zoosystema 37 (2): 381-402 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • Ullenbruch, K.; Grell, O.; Böhme, W. 2010. Reptiles from southern Benin, West Africa, with the description of a new Hemidactylus (Gekkonidae), and a country-wide checklist. Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (1): 31-54 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1902. Über westafrikanische Reptilien. Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 332-348
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