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Paralaudakia himalayana (STEINDACHNER, 1867)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Himalayan Agama
G: Himalaya-Agame
Chinese: 喜山岩蜥 
SynonymStellio himalayanus STEINDACHNER 1867: 22
Agama himalayana BOULENGER 1885: 362
Agama himalayana — SMITH 1935: 213
Stellio bochariensis NIKOLSKY 1897
Laudakia himalayana — MACEY et al. 2000
Laudakia himalayana — SZCZERBAK 2003
Paralaudakia (himalayana) himalayana — BAIG et al. 2012: 234
Paralaudakia himalayana bochariensis — DAVLETBAKOV et al. 2016
Paralaudakia himalayana himalayana — GEMEL et al. 2019 
DistributionNE Afghanistan, N Pakistan (KHAN 2002), N India (Jammu and Kashmir), Nepal, China (Xinjiang, Tibet), Turkmenistan, W Tajikistan ?

Distribution fide BAIG et al. 2012: Southern Pamir, Wakhan Corridor in Afghanistan, mountain ranges of Karakoram, Ladakh and Himalaya up to Tibet; elevation 1000 – 3500 m.

bochariensis: Kyrgyzstan

Type locality: Lei [= Leh] and Kargill, Ladakh-Province, Kashmir.  
TypesSyntypes: NMW 16752:1-12, 16753:1-2 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (as Paralaudakia). Head and body moderately depressed; tail longer, two or less than two times that of SVL; no patch of strongly mucronate scales on flanks; groups of low spinose scales on neck and sides of head; indis- tinct tail segment of three whorls; callous glands only in males [BAIG et al. 2012]. 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). Laudakia himalayana badakhshana (ANDERSON & LEVITON 1969) has been elevated to species status. Distribution not fixed accordingly.

Distribution: Records from SE Turkmenistan, eastward W Kyrgyzstan, and E Uzbekistan are usually L. bokhariensis. Not in India, despite the fact that the type locality has been considered as Indian territory. 
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  • Ananjeva, N.B.; Peters,G.; Macey & Papenfuss, T. 1990. Stellio sacra (Smith 1935) - a distinct species of Asiatic rock agamid from Tibet. Asiatic Herpetological Research 3: 104-115 - get paper here
  • ANANJEVA, Natalia B.; Xianguang GUO and Yuezhao WANG 2011. Taxonomic Diversity of Agamid Lizards (Reptilia, Sauria, Acrodonta, Agamidae) from China: A Comparative Analysis. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (3): 117-128 - get paper here
  • Anderson, S. C. & A. E. Leviton 1969. Amphibians and reptiles collected by the Street expedition to Afghanistan, 1965. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 37: 25-56 - get paper here
  • Baig, Khalid Javed; Philipp Wagner, Natalia B. Ananjeva & Wolfgang Böhme 2012. A morphology-based taxonomic revision of Laudakia Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Agamidae). Vertebrate Zoology 62 (2): 213-260 - get paper here
  • Baig,K.J. & Böhme,W. 1995. Partition of the Stellio-group of Agama. 8th Ord. Gen. Meet. Soc. Europ. Herpet.: 36
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, Tatjana N.; Ananjeva, Natalia B.; Miroschnichenko, Larissa V. 2007. Studies on specialized epidermal derivatives in iguanian lizards. I. Gross morphology, topography and histology of callose scales in the Asian Rock Agama, Laudakia himalayana (Steindachner, 1869) (Squamata: Agamidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 28 (4): 537-546 - get paper here
  • FICETOLA, Gentile Francesco; Angelica CROTTINI,, Maurizio CASIRAGHI and Emilio PADOA-SCHIOPPA 2010. New data on amphibians and reptiles of the Northern Areas of Pakistan: distribution, genetic variability and conservation issues. North-Western Journal of Zoology 6 (1): 1-12
  • FLÄSCHENDRÄGER & HOFFMANN, M.H. 2018. Anmerkungen zur Höhenverbreitung von Paralaudakia himalayana (Steindachner, 1867). Sauria 40 (3): 75-77 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
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  • Macey, J. Robert; James A. Schulte II, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Allan Larson, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Sakhat M. Shammakov, and Theodore J. Papenfuss 1998. Phylogenetic Relationships among Agamid Lizards of the Laudakia caucasia Species Group: Testing Hypotheses of Biogeographic Fragmentation and an Area Cladogram for the Iranian Plateau. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 10 (1): 118–131 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Sahi D.N., Koul S. 2020. Annotated List of Amphibians and Reptiles of Jammu and Kashmir State. In: Dar G. & Khuroo A. (eds) Biodiversity of the Himalaya: Jammu and Kashmir State. Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation, vol 18. Springer, Singapore - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1926. Amphibians and Reptiles of the James Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic Expedition. Field Mus. nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 12: 167-173 - get paper here
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  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
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  • Wagner, Philipp. 2014. Paralaudakia himalayana (Steindachner, 1867) Himalaja Agame, Himalayan Agama. Sauria 36 (2): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Waltner, R.C. 1975. Geographical and altitudinal distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the Himalayas. Cheetal (Dehra Dun, India) 16(1): 17-25; 16(2): 28-36; 16(3): 14-19; 16(4): 12-17.
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1899. Beschreibung neuer Reptilien und Batrachier. Zool. Anz. 22: 479-484 - get paper here
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