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Paralaudakia lehmanni (NIKOLSKY, 1896)

IUCN Red List - Paralaudakia lehmanni - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Turkestan Rock Agama 
SynonymStellio lehmanni NIKOLSKY 1896
Agama lehmanni — BEDRIAGA 1907: 126
Agama borstschewskyi ELPATJEWSKY & SABANEJEW 1907: 250
Agama lehmanni — NIKOLSKY 1915: 121
Agama bortschewskii NIKOLSKY 1915: 122 (nom. subst. pro Agama borstschewskyi)
Agama lehmanni — TERENTJEW & TSCHERNOW 1949: 147
Agama lehmanni — WERMUTH 1967: 16
Agama lehmanni — TIEDEMANN et al. 1994
Laudakia lehmanni — MACEY et al. 2000
Laudakia lehmanni — SZCZERBAK 2003
Paralaudakia lehmanni — BAIG et al. 2012: 236 
DistributionE Turkmenistan, E Uzbekistan, W Tajikistan, S Kyrgyzstan, N Afghanistan, elevation 400-2600 m.

Type locality: Fergana and Bukhara, Uzbekistan (“provincia Ferganensi nec non in Bucharia, Turkestan” fide WERMUTH 1967).

borstschewskyi: Type locality: Type locality: “Buchara region.”  
TypesSyntypes. ZISP, NMW 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (as Paralaudakia). Head and body depressed; flower-shaped formation of enlarged scales on anterior side of head; olivaceous with irregular black spots; scales on the body and tail with strong ridges and spines, several vertical rows of highly enlarged spinose scales; no patch on flanks; dorsolateral-fold marked with en- larged spinose scales with distinct high ridges; tail segment of three; callous glands present [BAIG et al. 2012]. 
CommentSynonymy after WERMUTH 1967 and BAIG et al. 2012.

Distribution: not in Kazakhstan fide Dujsebayeva (2010 and pers. comm., 6 Feb 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after Alexander Lehmann, a Russian biologist of German descent who traveled to Turkestan as a member of a Russian expedition (1839-1842). 
  • Ananjeva, N.B. & Tuniev 1994. Some aspects of historical biogeography of Asian rock agamids. Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (1): 43 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, N.B. and E.A. Golynsky 2013. Analysis of distribution of the Turkestan rock agama, Paralaudakia lehmanni (Nikolsky, 1896): using of Maxent modeling. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 317 (4): 426–437 - get paper here
  • Anderson, S. C. & A. E. Leviton 1969. Amphibians and reptiles collected by the Street expedition to Afghanistan, 1965. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 37: 25-56 - get paper here
  • Baig, Khalid Javed; Philipp Wagner, Natalia B. Ananjeva & Wolfgang Böhme 2012. A morphology-based taxonomic revision of Laudakia Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Agamidae). Vertebrate Zoology 62 (2): 213-260 - get paper here
  • Baig,K.J. & Böhme,W. 1995. Partition of the Stellio-group of Agama. 8th Ord. Gen. Meet. Soc. Europ. Herpet.: 36
  • Bedriaga, J. von 1907. Wissenschaftliche Resultate der von N. M. Przewalski nach Central-Asien unternommenen Reisen.Zoologischer Theil, Amphibien und Reptilien, Band 3, Abt. 1, Lieferung 2: Lacertilia (Gekkonidae, Agamidae). Kaiserl. Akad. Wissensch., St. Petersburg, pages 71-278
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • BÖHME, W., S. ESSER & P. WAGNER 2013. Zur Kenntnis der zentralasiatischen Wirtelschwanzagame Paralaudakia lehmanni (NIKOLSKY, 1896) und ihrer Nachzucht im Tierhaus des Zoologischen Forschungsmuseums Alexander Koenig (ZFMK) in Bonn. Sauria 35 (2): 45-50 - get paper here
  • Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Elpatjevsky, VLADIMIR S. & SABANEJEW 1907. Zool. Jb., Syst., Jena 24: 250
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Joisten, F. 2013. Amphibien und Reptilien in Nord-Afghanistan. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (103): 86-93 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. Robert; James A. Schulte II, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Allan Larson, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Sakhat M. Shammakov, and Theodore J. Papenfuss 1998. Phylogenetic Relationships among Agamid Lizards of the Laudakia caucasia Species Group: Testing Hypotheses of Biogeographic Fragmentation and an Area Cladogram for the Iranian Plateau. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 10 (1): 118–131 - get paper here
  • Martin T, Guillemin M, Nivet-Mazerolles V, Landsmann C, Dubos J, Eudeline R, and Stroud J. 2017. The herpetofauna of central Uzbekistan. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11(1) [General Section]: 93–107 - get paper here
  • Milto, Konstantin D.; Andrei V. Barabanov 2012. A Catalogue of the Agamid and Chamaeleonid Types in the Collection of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (2): 155-170 - get paper here
  • Mishagina J.V. 2004. On diet of Turkestan agama (Laudakia lehmanni, Agamidae) and Turkestan rock gecko (Cyrtopodion fedtschenkoi, Gekkonidae) from the Kughitang ridge. Probl. osvoenya pustyn, 2004, No 2: 49-55 [in Russian]
  • Mishagina J.V. 2005. Ant diet of Laudakia lehmanni (Nikolsky, 1896) (Reptilia, Agamidae) from the Kughitag Ridge. Euroasian Entomological Journal, 4 (2): 121-124 [in Russian]
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1896. Diagnoses reptilium et amphibiorum novorum in Persia orientali a N. Zarudny collectorum. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, 1:369-372. - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1915. Faune de la Russie, Reptiles Vol. 1 Chelonia et Sauria(Reptiles of Russia and adjacent countries. Reptiles (Reptilia) Vol. 1) [in Russian]. Imper. Acad. Sci., Petrograd, 532 pp. [Translated from Russian by the Israel Program for Scientific Translations 1963]
  • Obst, F.-J. 1989. Das Portrait: Stellio lehmanni NIKOLSKIJ. Sauria 11 (1): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Terentjev, P.V. & Chernov, S.A. 1949. Opredelitel Presmykatushchikhsya i Zemnovodnykh. [Encyclopedia of reptiles and amphibians, 2nd ed., in Russian]. Moscow
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