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Parsigecko ziaiei SAFAEI-MAHROO, GHAFFARI & ANDERSON, 2016

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesEnglish: Ziaie’s Pars-Gecko
Persian: Gecko-ye Parsi-ye Ziaie 
SynonymParsigecko ziaiei SAFAEI-MAHROO, GHAFFARI & ANDERSON 2016 
DistributionIran (Hormozgan Province)

Type locality: Koh-e Homag Protected Area (27°51.790’ N, 56°18.567’ E, elevation 1596 m), north of Zakin village, Hormozgan Province, southern Iran  
TypesHolotype: CAS 259180, gravid female collected by Barbod Safaei-Mahroo on 10 June 2015. Paratype: CAS 259181, gravid female collected by Barbod Safaei-Mahroo on 10 June 2015 within Koh-e Homag Protected Area (27°51.886’ N, 56°18.463’ E, elevation 1697 m), 300 meters from the holotype locality, north of Zakin village, Hormozgan Province, southern Iran (Figure 9A, C). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): The monotypic genus of family Gekkonidae is readily distinguished from all other genera of the family by a combination of the following characters: dorsal scales smooth, granular, subequal in size, not tuberculate and not imbricated, two strongly keeled scales on each side of each annulus of tail. Other characteristics of the new genus are given in the species description.
This genus is distinguished from all other bent-toed geckos in lacking dorsal tubercles, and from Microgecko Nikolsky, 1907 in its enlarged lateral caudal scales and its single row of enlarged subcaudal scales.

Comparisons (genus). The genus Parsigecko gen. nov. can be distinguished from other genera of Middle Eastern Gekkonidae by a combination of the following characteristics (see also key below): having two strong keeled and pointed scales on lateral part of each caudal annulus side, tail dorsum covered with small scales without any tubercles or keels (Figure 1) and precloacal region covered with distinctly enlarged and elongated scales arranged in a single arch-shaped row (Figure 2). We surmise that these scales contain precloacal pores in males. It is distinguished from Agamura Blanford, 1874, Alsophylax Fitzinger, 1843, Bunopus Blanford, 1874, Crossobamon Boettger, 1888, Cyrtopodion Fitzinger, 1843, Mediodactylus Szczerbak & Golubev, 1977, Rhinogecko de Witte, 1973 and Tenuidactylus Szczerbak & Golubev, 1984 in not having strongly tuberculate or keeled dorsal scales; from Microgecko and Tropiocolotes Peters, 1880 in having subequal and non-imbricate dorsal scales (Figure 3); from Agamura, Bunopus and Rhinogecko in not having tuberculate scales on the terminal whorl of each tail segment; from Cyrtopodion, Mediodactylus and Tenuidactylus in not having fully tuberculate or keeled scales on dorsal part of tail; from Crossobamon, Microgecko, Pseudoceramodactylus Haas, 1957, Stenodactylus Fitzinger, 1826 and Tropiocolotes in not having uniform, equal sized and smooth caudal scales. 
CommentPhylogenetics: the authors did not provide a phylogenetic analysis of the new genus or species.

Type species: Parsigecko ziaiei is the type species of the genus Parsigecko SAFAEI-MAHROO, GHAFFARI & ANDERSON 2016.

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe authors named the species in honor of Hooshang Ziaie, lecturer at IAU University, North Tehran Branch, a distinguished Iranian ecologist and former head of three provincial (Fars, Khuzestan and Mazandaran) offices of the Department of Environment and advisor to Department of Environment of Iran, in recognition of his remarkable and outstanding efforts toward wildlife conservation in Iran.

The generic nomen Parsigecko is derived from the word “Pars” which refers to an old name for Iran, the country where the new genus was found. Pars was the ancient seat of the Persian Empire which was centered in south-central Iran. 
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • SAFAEI-MAHROO, BARBOD; HANYEH GHAFFARI, & STEVEN C. ANDERSON 2016. A new genus and species of gekkonid lizard (Squamata: Gekkota: Gekkonidae) from Hormozgan Province with a revised key to gekkonid genera of Iran. Zootaxa 4109 (4): 428–444 - get paper here
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