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Pelusios niger (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1835)

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Higher TaxaPelomedusidae, Pelomedusoidea, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: West African Black Forest Turtle
G: Schwarze Pelomedusenschildkröte 
SynonymSternotherus niger DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 397
Sternothaerus niger — GRAY 1864: 169
Sternothaerus niger — BOULENGER 1889
Sternothaerus oxyrhinus BOULENGER 1897
Sternothaerus niger — SIEBENROCK 1905
Pelusios niger — SCHMIDT 1919
Sternothaerus heinrothi KANBERG 1924
Pelusios niger — MCCORD et al. 2004
Pelusios niger — TTWG 2014
Pelusios niger — TTWG 2021 
DistributionGhana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic (possibly Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Republic of Congo (Brazzaville), and Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)

Type locality: see comment.  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 8954 
CommentDistribution: Not listed by BROADLEY & POYNTON 1998 for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire). Not in Angola fide Marques et al. 2018.

Terra typica: "Madagascar" (in error).

Habitat: freshwater (Lakes, quiet rivers) 
EtymologyNamed after Latin niger, nigra, nigrum = black. 
  • Akani, Godfrey C., Fabio Petrozzi, Gabriel H. Segniagbeto and Luca Luiselli. 2015. Notes on morphology, biology and domestic consumption of Pelusios niger (Duméril & Bibron, 1835) from Forcados River, Nigeria. Herpetozoa 28 (1/2): 94-98 - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Bour,R. 1983. Trois populations endémiques de genre Pelusios (Reptilia, Chelonii, Pelomedusidae) aux îles Seychelles; relations avec les espèces africaines et malagaches. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris (4) 5: 343-382.
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gramentz, D. 1999. Zur Ökologie und zum Verhalten von Pelusios castaneus (Schweiger, 1812) und Pelusios niger (Duméril & Bibron, 1835) in Gabun. Sauria 21 (3): 7-14 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1864. On the species of the genus Sternothaerus, with some observations on Kinixys. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 13: 165-170 - get paper here
  • Hughes, B. 1986. Longevity Records of African Captive Amphibians and Reptiles: Part 1: Introduction and Species List 1 - Amphibians and Chelonians. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (32): 1-5 - get paper here
  • Luiselli, L., Bour, R., Petrozzi, F., Akani, G.C., and Segniagbeto, G.H. 2018. Pelusios niger (Duméril and Bibron 1835) – West African Black Mud Turtle. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., Pritchard, P.C.H., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshw Chelonian Research Monographs 5(12):105.1–8. doi: 10.3854/ crm.5.105.niger.v1.2018 - get paper here
  • Luiselli, L.; Demaya, G.S.; Benansio, J.S.; Petrozzi, F.; Akani,<br />G.C.; Eniang, E.A.; Ajong, S.N.; Di Vittorio, M.; Amadi, N.; Dendi, D. 2021. A Comparative Analysis of the Diets of a Genus of Freshwater Turtles across Africa. Diversity 2021, 13, 165 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P., Joseph-Ouni, M. & Bour, R. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #15: Madagascan Big-Headed, African Helmeted, and West African Mud Turtles. Reptilia (GB) (35): 63-67 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande Weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
  • Siebenrock, F. 1905. Chelonologische Notizen. Zool. Anz. 29: 460-468
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
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