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Philothamnus occidentalis (BROADLEY, 1966)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Western Natal Green Snake 
SynonymPhilothamnus natalensis occidentalis BROADLEY 1966
Philothamnus natalensis occidentalis — BRANCH & HANEKOM 1987
Philothamnus natalensis occidentalis — BOYCOTT 2015
Philothamnus natalensis occidentalis — BATES et al. 2014: 418
Philothamnus occidentalis — ENGELBRECHT et al. 2018 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (Western Cape to Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, NE Free State, W Swaziland, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, N Gauteng, NW Province).

Type locality: Camperdown, Natal (=Camperdown, KwaZulu-Natal), approximately 50 km west of Durban  
TypesHolotype: NMZB (formerly UM = Umtali Museum) 4554, an adult female, collected by B. G. Donnelly on 4th October, 1962; paratypes: PEM 
EtymologyThe specific name occidentalis (Latin) refers to the western distribution of this species. 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Boycott, Richard C. 2015. Philothamnus natalensis occidentalis Broadley, 1966, Western Natal Green Snake, Reproduction. African Herp News (62): 23-25 - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. & Hanekom, N. 1989. The herpetofauna of the Tsitsikamma Coastal and Forest National Parks. Koedoe (Pretoria), 30 (1987): 49-60. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1966. A review of the Natal green snake, Philothamnus natalensis (A.Smith), with a description of a new subspecies. Ann. Natal Mus. 18 (2): 417-423.
  • CONRADIE, WERNER; WILLIAM R. BRANCH, & GILLIAN WATSON 2019. Type specimens in the Port Elizabeth Museum, South Africa, including the historically important Albany Museum collection. Part 2: Reptiles (Squamata). Zootaxa 4576 (1): 001–045 - get paper here
  • Engelbrecht, H.M., Branch, W.R., Greenbaum, E., Alexander, G.J., Jackson, K., Burger, M., Conradie, W., Kusamba, C., Zassi-Boulou, A-G., Tolley, K.A. 2018. Diversifying into the branches: species boundaries in African green and bush snakes, Philothamnus (Serpentes: Colubridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 130: 357-365 - get paper here
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