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Pholidoscelis fuscatus (GARMAN, 1887)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Dominica Groundlizard, Dominican Ameiva 
SynonymAmeiva fuscata GARMAN 1887: 5
Ameiva fuscata — GÜNTHER 1888: 363
Ameiva fuscata — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 193
Ameiva fuscata — HOWER & HEDGES 2003
Ameiva fuscata — HARVEY et al. 2012
Pholidoscelis fuscata — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016
Pholidoscelis fuscatus — TUCKER et al. 2016 
DistributionLesser Antilles: Dominica

Type locality: Dominica.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntype: MCZ 6087. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size large (SVL in males to 200 mm, to 154 mm in females); dorsal caudal scales keeled and straight; ventral scales 10-12 in a tranverse row and 31-34 in a longitudinal row; fourth toe subdigital lamellae 73-91 (combined counts for both fourth toes); femoral pores 48-68 (combined counts for both series); fifteenth caudal verticil with 37-48 scales. Males' dorsal ground color dull tan, greenish or greenish gray, heavily flecked with black; longitudinal lines yellow, becoming faint posteriorly; flanks and upper surfaces of thighs dull brown with irregular, dull brick-red or pale blue spots; venter dull gray to bluish gray; lateralmost ventrals and lower flanks with bluish spots; throat, mesoptychium, chest, and anterior abdomen washed with dark blue; tail dull greenish gray to brownish; females like males, but usually brighter; juveniles and females with pale dorsolateral stripes; flanks darker than back with dull brick to greenish spots; venter washed with blue-gray; tail greenish gray to brownish (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 193). 
Comment 
References
  • Barbour, Thomas 1930. Some faunistic changes in the Lesser Antilles. Proc. New England Zool. Club 11: 73-85
  • Garman, S. 1887. On the West Indian Teiids in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Bull. Essex Inst. 19: 1-12. - get paper here
  • Goicoechea, N., Frost, D. R., De la Riva, I., Pellegrino, K. C. M., Sites, J., Rodrigues, M. T. and Padial, J. M. 2016. Molecular systematics of teioid lizards (Teioidea/Gymnophthalmoidea: Squamata) based on the analysis of 48 loci under tree-alignment and similarity-alignment. Cladistics, doi: 10.1111/cla.12150 - get paper here
  • Grotbeck, Victoria L; Grace E Garrison, Maria A Eifler, Douglas A Eifler 2019. Characteristics of grouping in the Dominican Ground Lizard, Pholidoscelis fuscatus (Fitzinger, 1843). Herpetology Notes 12: 273-278 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1888. Notes on reptiles and frogs from Dominica, West Indies. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 2: 362-366 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Hower, Lindsey M., and S. Blair Hedges 2003. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian Teiid lizards of the genus Ameiva. Carib. J. Sci. 39 (3):298-306. - get paper here
  • Malhotra, A. & Thorpe, R.S. 1999. Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean. MacMillan, London & Oxford
  • Malhotra, A. and R. S. Thorpe. 1995. Ameiva fuscata. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (606): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Somma, L.A. & G.R. Brooks 1976. Reproduction in Anolis oculatus, Ameiva fuscata and Mabuya mabouya from Dominica Copeia 1976 (2): 249-256. - get paper here
  • Tucker, Derek B.; Guarino R. Colli, Lilian G. Giugliano, S. Blair Hedges, Catriona R. Hendry, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Alan R. Lemmon, Jack W. Sites Jr., R. Alexander Pyron 2016. Methodological congruence in phylogenomic analyses with morphological support for teiid lizards (Sauria: Teiidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 103: 75-84 - get paper here
 
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