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Pholidoscelis griswoldi (BARBOUR, 1916)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Antigua Bank Groundlizard, Antiguan ameiva, Griswold's Ameiva 
SynonymAmeiva griswoldi BARBOUR 1916: 216
Ameiva griswoldi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 194
Ameiva griswoldi — HOWER & HEDGES 2003
Ameiva griswoldi — HARVEY et al. 2012
Pholidoscelis griswoldi — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 
DistributionLesser Antilles: Antigua

Type locality: St. John's, St. John Parish, Antigua.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 11945. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 124 mm, to 97 mm in females); dorsal caudal scales keeled and straight; ventral scales 8-10 in a transverse row and 32-37 in a longitudinal row; fourth toe subdigital lamellae 63-80 (combined counts for both fourth toes); femoral pores 39-56 (combined counts for both series); fifteenth caudal verticil with 28-35 scales. Dorsal ground color (male) dull brown (Long I.), dark brown (Barbuda), or reddish brown (Antigua); dorsum with irregular, transverse, pale green, creamy green (Barbuda), or buffy blotches, sometimes clearly composed of coalesced spots; head clear, reddish brown (Long I.) or tan with orange snout (Antigua); flanks dull gray, greenish (Antigua), or pale bluish green and tan (Barbuda) with obscure, transverse markings and black spots; throat dirty gray with some black scales; hindlimb with pale green to buffy dots; posterior surface of femur white; tail base with pale green dots; mesoptychium black (sometimes white under fold); ventral ground color very pale greenish blue (Antigua and Long I.), gray (Barbuda) to white (Long I.); chest black with irregular posterior border (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 194). 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Don W. Griswold, former Director of the Rockefeller West Indian Hookworm Commission (1909-1914). 
  • Barbour, T. 1916. Additional notes on West Indian reptiles and amphibians. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 29: 215-220. - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1923. West Indian investigations of 1922. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (132): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1930. Some faunistic changes in the Lesser Antilles. Proc. New England Zool. Club 11: 73-85
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Daltry, Jennifer C. 2007. An introduction to the herpetofauna of Antigua, Barbuda and Redonda, with some conservation recommendations. Applied Herpetology 4 (2): 97-130. - get paper here
  • Goicoechea, N., Frost, D. R., De la Riva, I., Pellegrino, K. C. M., Sites, J., Rodrigues, M. T. and Padial, J. M. 2016. Molecular systematics of teioid lizards (Teioidea/Gymnophthalmoidea: Squamata) based on the analysis of 48 loci under tree-alignment and similarity-alignment. Cladistics, doi: 10.1111/cla.12150 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Hower, Lindsey M., and S. Blair Hedges 2003. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian Teiid lizards of the genus Ameiva. Carib. J. Sci. 39 (3):298-306. - get paper here
  • Malhotra, A. & Thorpe, R.S. 1999. Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean. MacMillan, London & Oxford
  • McCranie, James R. and Steve W. Gotte 2014. An investigation into the Swan Island Honduras collecting event of Tiaporus fuliginosus Cope (Reptilia: Teiidae) and its systematic status. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 127 (4): 543-556 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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