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Pholidoscelis pluvianotatus (GARMAN, 1887)

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Montserrat Groundlizard, Montserrat Ameiva 
SynonymAmeiva pluvianotata GARMAN 1887: 6
Ameiva pluvianotata pluvianotata — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975
Ameiva pluvianotata — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 199
Ameiva pluvianotata — HOWER & HEDGES 2003
Ameiva pluvianotata — HARVEY et al. 2012
Pholidoscelis pluvianotata — GOICOECHEA et al. 2016 
DistributionLesser Antilles: Montserrat

Type locality: Plymouth, St. Anthony's Parish, Montserrat.  
TypesSyntypes: MCZ 6086, now ZMB 29421 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 169 mm, in females to 158 mm); dorsal caudal scales straight, keeled; ventral scales 10-12 in a transverse row and 34-38 in a longitudinal row; fourth toe subdigital scales 68-91 (combined counts for both fourth toes); femoral pores 54~8 (combined counts for both series); fifteenth caudal verticil with 33-41 scales. Male dorsal ground color reddish tan to grayish tan with black speckling and tan to gray marbling (Montserrat, occasionally almost unicolor), or dull green with fine, pale punctations (entire head dark blue, Montserrat), or patternless black (Redonda, but smaller males have diffuse greenish marbling or dots); upper surfaces of thighs and sides of tail slightly spotted with blue-gray; venter dull gray (including spots on sides of head and thighs) or black grading to dull, grayish green posteriorly (Redonda); throat smoky, blue, and pink (Montserrat); chest and upper abdomen smoky to dark blue; throat may be black (Redonda); female (Montserrat) dorsum gray and profusely dappled with light blue-gray; flanks dull green with or without brown stripes; dorsum, sides, limbs, and most of tail profusely spotted with light gray; venter bluish; Redonda females black with dorsal dull green marbling and black venter; juveniles like females (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 199). 
CommentSubspecies: Ameiva pluvianotata atrata GARMAN, 1888 has been elevated to full species status. 
  • Barbour, Thomas 1930. Some faunistic changes in the Lesser Antilles. Proc. New England Zool. Club 11: 73-85
  • Bauer, A.M. and R. Günther 1994. An annotated type catalogue of the teiid and microteiid lizards in the Zoological Museum, Berlin (Reptilia: Squamata: Teiidae and Gymnophthalmidae). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 70:267-280 - get paper here
  • Daltry, Jennifer C. 2007. An introduction to the herpetofauna of Antigua, Barbuda and Redonda, with some conservation recommendations. Applied Herpetology 4 (2): 97-130. - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On the West Indian Teiids in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Bull. Essex Inst. 19: 1-12. - get paper here
  • Goicoechea, N., Frost, D. R., De la Riva, I., Pellegrino, K. C. M., Sites, J., Rodrigues, M. T. and Padial, J. M. 2016. Molecular systematics of teioid lizards (Teioidea/Gymnophthalmoidea: Squamata) based on the analysis of 48 loci under tree-alignment and similarity-alignment. Cladistics, doi: 10.1111/cla.12150 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Hower, Lindsey M., and S. Blair Hedges 2003. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of West Indian Teiid lizards of the genus Ameiva. Carib. J. Sci. 39 (3):298-306. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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