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Phymaturus manuelae SCOLARO & IBARGÜENGOYTÍA, 2008

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymPhymaturus manuelae SCOLARO & IBARGÜENGOYTÍA 2008
Phymaturus manuelae — SCROCCHI et al. 2010: 182 
DistributionArgentina (Rio Negro)

Type locality: rocky outcrops (950 m elevation) adjacent to
National Road 23, 26 km west of Comallo, Rio Negro Province, Argentina [41° 1’ S, 70° 32’ W]  
TypesHolotype: MLP R. 5370, adult male. Collected by N.R. Ibargüengoytía, J.A. Scolaro and J. Gutiérrez, 20 December 2007. Paratypes: UNCo-PH 201, adult male; MLP-R. 5371, adult female; UNCo-PH 202, adult female. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Phymaturus manuelae shows a noticeable polychromatism. However, as in other species of the genus, females appear to be bigger than males (Ibargüengoytía 2004). The new species is a member of the patagonicus group, distinguished from the palluma group in having flat imbricate superciliaries rather than being rectangular and non-overlapping; slightly spiny and non-rugose caudal scales in verticilles (as seen among members of the palluma group). However, it has also the subocular scale fragmented (into 2–4 scales; mode = 3) and separated from supralabials by two rows of lorilabials, as in most species of the palluma group, but not seen in the majority of members of the patagonicus group with some geographical exceptions. Phymaturus manuelae may be distinguished from other members of the patagonicus group in having a peculiar coloration.
CommentGroup: This species belongs to the patagonicus group (fide LOBO et al. 2010). However, P. manuelae cannot be unambiguously assigned to any group as phylogenetic analyses have placed it in different clades, dependent on genes and other data used (Lobo et al. 2018). However, Reaney et al. 2018 found manuelae to cluster with spurcus, spectabilis and sxcelsus. 
EtymologyThe species name “manuelae” is dedicated to Manuela Martínez the daughter of Nora Ibargüengoytía and Martín, who has accompanied her for most of her fieldwork and congresses since she was born. 
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; CRISTIAN HERNAN FULVIO PEREZ, DANIEL ROBERTO PEREZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2011. Two new mountain lizard species of the Phymaturus genus (Squamata: Iguania) from northwestern Patagonia, Argentina. Zootaxa 2924: 1–21 - get paper here
  • Avila, Luciano Javier; Cristian Hernan Fulvio Perez, IGNACIO MINOLI & Mariana Morando 2014. A new lizard of the Phymaturus genus (Squamata: Liolaemidae) from Sierra Grande, northeastern Patagonia, Argentina. Zootaxa 3793 (1): 099–118 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238 - get paper here
  • Becker, Leandro A; Jorgelina M Boretto; Facundo Cabezas-Cartes; Sebastián Márquez; Erika Kubisch; José A Scolaro; Barry Sinervo; Nora R Ibargüengoytía 2018. An integrative approach to elucidate the taxonomic status of five species of Phymaturus Gravenhorst, 1837 (Squamata: Liolaemidae) from northwestern Patagonia, Argentina. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, zly043 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Lobo, Fernando; Cristian Abdala and Soledad Valdecantos 2010. Taxonomic Studies of the Genus Phymaturus (Iguania: Liolaemidae): Description of Four New Species. South American J. Herp. 5 (2):102-126 - get paper here
  • LOBO, FERNANDO; CRISTIAN ABDALA & SOLEDAD VALDECANTOS 2012. Morphological diversity and phylogenetic relationships within a South-American clade of iguanian lizards (Liolaemidae: Phymaturus). Zootaxa 3315: 1–41 - get paper here
  • Lobo, Fernando; Diego A. Barrasso, Marcos Paz and Néstor G. Basso 2018. Phylogenetic relationships within a patagonian clade of reptiles (Liolaemidae: Phymaturus) based on DNA sequences and morphology. J Zool Syst, DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12221 - get paper here
  • Lobo, Fernando; Santiago Javier Nenda 2015. Discovery of two new species of Phymaturus (Iguania: Liolaemidae) from Patagonia, Argentina, and occurrence of melanism in the patagonicus group. Cuad. herpetol. 29 (1): 5-25
  • Perez, C.H.F.; N. Frutos; M. Kozykariski; M. Morando; D.R. Perez; L.J. Avila. 2011. Lizards of Rio Negro Province, northern Patagonia, Argentina. Check List 7 (3): 202-219 - get paper here
  • Scolaro, J.A. & Ibargüengoyía, N.R. 2008. A new fragment for the understanding of the puzzling evolutive process of the Phymaturus genus: a new species of the patagonicus group from Patagonia, Argentina (Reptilia: Iguania: Liolaemidae). Zootaxa 1939: 38–50 - get paper here
  • Scolaro, J.A. & Pincheira-Donoso, D. 2010. Lizards at the end of the world: Two new species of Phymaturus of the patagonicus clade (Squamata, Liolaemidae) revealed in southern Patagonia of Argentina. Zootaxa 2393: 17–32 - get paper here
  • Scolaro, José Alejandro; Valeria Corbalán, Osvaldo Fabián Tappari and Lorena Obregón Streitenberger 2016. LIZARDS AT THE END OF THE WORLD: A NEW MELANIC SPECIES OF PHYMATURUS OF THE PATAGONICUS CLADE FROM ROCKY OUTCROPS IN THE NORTHWESTERN STEPPE OF CHUBUT PROVINCE, PATAGONIA ARGENTINA (REPTILIA: IGUANIA: LIOLAEMIDAE). Boletín del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile, 65: 137-152
  • Scrocchi, Gustavo J.; Cristian S. Abdala,Javier Nori, Hussam Zaher 2010. Reptiles de la provincia de Río Negro, Argentina. Fondo Ed. Rionegrino, 249 pp.
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