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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
Phymaturus sp. 16 — MORANDO et al. 2013 
DistributionArgentina (Neuquén)

Type locality: rocky hills of Provincial Road 46, 25 km E Rahue, 6 km junction Provincial Road 24, Bajada de Rahue, La Jardinera stream (39°23’15.5”S, 70°43’57.1”W, 1127 m elevation, datum = WGS 84), Catán Lil department, Neuquén province, Argentina.  
Reproductionprobably viviparous. 
TypesHolotype: CENPAT (originally LJAMM-CNP 16126), adult male collected by A. González Marín, L.J. Avila and C.H.F. Pérez. Paratypes: LJAMM-CNP 16117-16120, 16123, 16127 (adult males) and LJAMM-CNP 16121-16122, 16124- 16125, 16128-16129 (adult female), same data as holotype. LJAMM-CNP 5378 (adult male) and 5379 (adult female) collected on rocky cliffs on Provincial Road 46, 25 km E Rahue, 6 km junction Provincial Road 24, Bajada de Rahue, La Jardinera stream (39o23’15.5”S, 70o43’57.1”W, 1127 m, datum = WGS 84), Catán Lil department, Neuquén province, Argentina, L.J. Avila, C.H.F. Pérez, K. Dittmar, M. Morando & J.W. Sites, Jr. collectors. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. See GONZÁLEZ-MARÍN et al. 2016: 420.
CommentSympatry: Liolaemus elongatus and L. kriegi

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific name, “rahuensis”, refers to the region where the species was collected "Bajada del Rahue". The Rahue toponym in Mapudungun means "place where there is gray clay". 
  • GONZÁLEZ-MARÍN, ANDREA; CRISTIAN hERNÁN FULVIO PÉREZ, IGNACIO MINOLI, Mariana Morando, Luciano Javier Avila 2016. A new lizard species of the Phymaturus patagonicus group (Squamata: Liolaemini) from northern Patagonia, Neuquén, Argentina. Zootaxa 4121 (4): 412–430 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Morando, Mariana; Luciano J. Avila, Cristian H.F. Perez, Monty A. Hawkins, Jack W. Sites 2013. A molecular phylogeny of the lizard genus Phymaturus (Squamata, Liolaemini): Implications for species diversity and historical biogeography of southern South America. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66 (3): 694-714 - get paper here
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