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Pogona barbata (CUVIER, 1829)

IUCN Red List - Pogona barbata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Eastern Bearded Dragon, Bearded Dragon, Jew Lizard
G: Bartagame
S: Dragón barbudo del Este 
SynonymAgama barbata CUVIER 1829: 35
Stellio discosomus PERON 1807 (nomen oblitum)
Discosomus [discosomus] — OKEN 1816
Amphibolurus barbatus — WIEGMANN 1834: 7
Grammatophora barbata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 478
Amphibolurus barbatus — BOULENGER 1885: 391
Amphibolurus barbatus — WERNER 1909
Grammatophora barbata — CAMP 1923: 410
Amphibolurus barbatus — KINGHORN 1924
Pogona barbata — STORR 1982
Amphibolurus barbatus — COGGER 1983
Pogona barbata — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 95
Pogona barbata — COGGER 2000: 347
Pogona barbata — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Pogona barbata — MELVILLE & WILSON 2019 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria)

Type locality: Australia  
TypesLectotype: MNHN-RA 7489, Australia, collected Péron & Lesueur. Designation by Badham (1976), by inference of holotype (see Shea, 2001). A subsequent lectotype designation of MNHN 7375 (another former syntype) by Wells & Wellington (1985) is invalid. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Moderately large to very large, stout, more or less depressed agamid lizards with rows and zones of spines on head and body, including a transverse series of spines on occiput. Further distinguishable from Amphibolurus (sensu stricto) by pores located in notch at rear of enlarged femoral and pre-anal scales, and from other Amphibolurus (sensu lato) by alignment of pre-anal pores backwards towards midline (STORR 1982). 
CommentSynonymy: Stellio discosomus PERON, 1807 is a senior synomym of Agama barbata Cuvier, 1829. Stellio discosomus Peron, 1807 is considered as a nomen oblitum, the name Agama barbata Cuvier, 1829( = Pogona barbata) is a nomen protectum. The genus name Discosomus OKEN 1816 is a nomen oblitum and synonym of Pogona (Shea 2021).

Type species: Agama barbata CUVIER 1829 is the type species of the genus Pogona STORR 1982.

Genomics: The University of Canberra has sequenced a Pogona genome ( (Georges et al. 2015).

Pogona barbata retains characteristics of the ancestral venom system, namely serial, lobular non-compound venom-secreting glands on both the upper and lower jaws (FRY et al. 2005).

Ecology: for a comparative phylogenetic analysis of ecological adaptations in Pogona and other Australian agamids see Tallowin et al. 2019. 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): from Greek “pogon” = beard. 
  • Badham J A 1976. The Amphibolurus barbatus species-group (Lacertilia: Agamidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 24(3) 1976: 423-443 - get paper here
  • Badham, J.A. 1971. Albumin formation in eggs of the agamid Amphibolurus barbatus barbatus Copeia 1971 (3): 543-545. - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1994. Standardized criteria for the recognition of embryonic nutritional patterns in squamate reptiles. Copeia 1994 (4): 925-935 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Camp, Charles Lewis 1923. Classification of the Lizards. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 48 (11): 289-481. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Cuvier, G. J. L. N. F. D. 1829. Le Regne Animal Distribué, d'apres son Organisation, pur servir de base à l'Histoire naturelle des Animaux et d'introduction à l'Anatomie Comparé. Nouvelle Edition [second edition]. Vol. 2. Les Reptiles. Déterville, Paris, i-xvi, 1-406 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Escoriza Boj, D. 2005. Australia. Reptiles and Amphibians, Part 1: Rainforest. Reptilia (GB) (40): 70-75 - get paper here
  • Fry, Bryan G.; Nicolas Vidal; Janette A. Norman; Freek J. Vonk; Holger Scheib; S. F. Ryan Ramjan; Sanjaya Kuruppu; Kim Fung; S. Blair Hedges; Michael K. Richardson; Wayne. C. Hodgson; Vera Ignjatovic; Robyn Summerhayes and Elazar Kochva 2005. Early evolution of the venom system in lizards and snakes. Nature 439:584-588 [2006] - get paper here
  • Hauschild, A. & Bosch, H. 1997. Bartagamen und Kragenechsen. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 95 pp. [review in Draco 5 (22): 87] - get paper here
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. Blair; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. Reptiles and batrachians from south and south-west Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 163-183 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Melville J & Wilson S 2019. Dragon Lizards of Australia. Museum Victoria, 406 pp. [reviews in HR 51 (3): 633, Copeia 108 (3): 701, 2020]
  • Metcalfe, Dean C. and Trevor J. Hawkeswood. 2013. Pogona barbata (eastern bearded dragon) diet. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 328 - get paper here
  • Michael, D.R.; D.B. Lindenmayer; M. Crane; C. MacGregor; R. Montague-Drake; L. McBurney. 2011. Reptilia, Murray catchment, New South Wales, southeastern Australia. Check List 7 (1):25-29 - get paper here
  • Müller, P.M. 2005. Bartagamen - die Gattung Pogona (STORR, 1982). Draco 5 (22): 4-19 - get paper here
  • Müller, P.M. 2010. Bartagamen. Die Gattung Pogona. Artgerechte Haltung, Pflege und Zucht. Natur und Tier Verlag, 167 pp [review in Iguana 25 (2): 15] - get paper here
  • Müller, Peter Maria 2002. Die Bartagame. Kirschner und Seufer Verlag, Keltern-Weiler, 78 pp. [reviews in Elaphe 23 (2): 23, and Draco 5 (22): 88] - get paper here
  • ORD, T. J.; D. A. KLOMP, J. GARCIA-PORTA & M. HAGMAN 2015. Repeated evolution of exaggerated dewlaps and other throat morphology in lizards. J. evol. Biol., doi: 10.1111/jeb.12709 - get paper here
  • Osborne, Will & Anke Maria Hoefer 2018. Frogs and reptiles found at Black Mountain: fifty years of records, from museum collections to community-based photo mapping. Black Mountain Symposium Background Paper No. 9 - get paper here
  • Palika, Liz 2003. Leben mit Bartagamen. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 206 S. [review in Draco 5 (22): 84] - get paper here
  • Palika, Liz 2009. Leben mit Bartagamen, 8. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 206 pp. - get paper here
  • Rej JE, Joyner TA. 2018. Niche modeling for the genus Pogona (Squamata: Agamidae) in Australia: predicting past (late Quaternary) and future (2070) areas of suitable habitat. PeerJ 6:e6128 - get paper here
  • Rogner, M. 2014. Nach wie vor ideale Terrarientiere auch für Anfänger: Bartagamen. Reptilia (Münster) 19 (110): 18-25
  • Schmida, G. 2005. Betrachtungen zu ostaustralischen Bartagamen. Draco 5 (22): 46-53 - get paper here
  • Shea, G. M. 2001. An overlooked senior synonym of Pogona barbata (Curvier, 1829) (Squamata: Agamidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 22 (1): 124-127 - get paper here
  • SHEA, G. M. 2021. Rejection of an unused senior synonym imperiling the nomenclature of the genus Pogona (Squamata: Agamidae). Zootaxa 5048(2): 298–300 - get paper here
  • Simpson, KNG 1973. AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES AND MAMMALS OF THE MURRAY RIVER region between Mildura and Renmark, Australia. Mem. Nat. Mus. Vict. 34: 275-279 - get paper here
  • Srikulnath K, Azad B, Singchat W, Ezaz T 2019. Distribution and amplification of interstitial telomeric sequences (ITSs) in Australian dragon lizards support frequent chromosome fusions in Iguania. PLoS ONE 14(2): e0212683 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1982. Revision of the bearded dragons (Lacertilia: Agamidae) of Western Australia with notes on the dismemberment of the genus Amphibolurus. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 19 (2): 199-214 - get paper here
  • Stössl, T. 1993. Pogona barbata (CUVIER, 1829). Sauria 15 Suppl.: 257–260 - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Tallowin, Oliver J S; Shai Meiri, Stephen C Donnellan, Stephen J Richards, Christopher C Austin, Paul M Oliver, 2019. The other side of the Sahulian coin: biogeography and evolution of Melanesian forest dragons (Agamidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 129: 99-113. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Zwinenberg, A.J. 1980. Die Bartagame Amhibolurus barbatus. Herpetofauna 2 (8): 8-11 - get paper here
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