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Porthidium hespere (CAMPBELL, 1976)

IUCN Red List - Porthidium hespere - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Western Hognose Viper
S: Colmillo de Puerco 
SynonymBothrops hesperis CAMPBELL 1976
Porthidium hespere — CAMPBELL & LAMAR 1989: 316
Porthidium hespere — LINER 1994
Porthidium hespere — WELCH 1994: 101
Porthidium hespere — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 320
Porthidium hespere — WALLACH et al. 2014: 576 
DistributionMexico (Colima, Michoacan, W Guerrero)

Type locality: "on a west-facing slope of the foothills ca. 12 airline km NE of Tecoman, Municipio de Ixlahuacan [= Ixtlahuacan], Colima, Mexico, ... at an elevation of approximately 300 m."  
TypesHolotype: UTA R4443. 

Habitat: terrestrial

Conservation: one of the 30 most endangered viper species (Maritz et al. 2016). 
  • Alvarado-Diaz, Javier;Huacuz-Elias, Dolores del C.;Suazo-Ortu±o, Ireri 1997. Geographic Distribution. Porthidium hespere. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 98 - get paper here
  • Bryson Jr., Robert W.; Adrián Nieto-Montes de Oca, Jacobo Reyes Velasco 2008. Phylogenetic Position of Porthidium Hespere (Viperidae: Crotalinae) and Phylogeography of Arid-Adapted Hognosed Pitvipers Based on Mitochondrial DNA. Copeia 2008 (1): 172-178 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J. A. 1976. A new terrestrial pit viper of the genus Bothrops (Reptilia, Serpentes, Crotalidae) from western México. Journal of Herpetology 10: 151-160. - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Pierce LJS, Painter CW 2020. The amphibians and reptiles of Colima, Mexico, with a summary of their conservation status. ZooKeys 927: 99-125 - get paper here
  • Maritz, Bryan; Johannes Penner, Marcio Martins, Jelka Crnobrnja-Isailović, Stephen Spear, Laura R.V. Alencar, Jesús Sigala-Rodriguez, Kevin Messenger, Rulon W. Clark, Pritpal Soorae, Luca Luiselli, Chris Jenkins, Harry W. Greene 2016. Identifying global priorities for the conservation of vipers. Biological Conservation, doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.05.004 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo, Rufino Santos-Bibiano and Elizabeth Beltrán-Sánchez. 2016. Notable distributional records of amphibians and reptiles from Guerrero, Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 527-531 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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