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Porthidium lansbergii (SCHLEGEL, 1841)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesPorthidium lansbergii hutmanni SANDNER-MONTILLA 1989
Porthidium lansbergii lansbergii (SCHLEGEL 1841)
Porthidium lansbergii rozei PETERS 1968 
Common Names 
SynonymTrigonocephalus lansbergi SCHLEGEL 1841
Bothrops lansbergi — JAN 1863: 127
Thanatos patoquilla POSADO-ARANGO 1889
Thanatophis patoquilla — POSADO-ARANGO 1889: 343 (incertae sedis fide MCDIARMID et al. 1999)
Thanatophis sutus POSADA ARANGO 1889: 344
Thanatophis patoquilla — GARCIA 1896: 25
Trimeresurus lansbergi — BOCOURT 1909
Thanatophis sutus — GARCIA 1896: 26
Bothrops lansbergii — AMARAL 1929
Bothrops lansbergii — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 47
Porthidium lansbergii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 320
Porthidium lansbergii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 577

Porthidium lansbergii hutmanni (SANDNER-MONTILLA 1989)
Bothrops lansbergii hutmanni SANDNER-MONTILLA 1989
Porthidium landsbergii houtmanni [sic] — KORNACKER 1999

Porthidium lansbergii lansbergii (SCHLEGEL 1841)
Trigonocephalus lansbergii SCHLEGEL 1841
Bothrops lansbergii lansbergii — ROZE 1959: 11
Porthidium lansbergii lansbergii — WELCH 1994: 101
Porthidium landsbergii landsbergii — KORNACKER 1999

Porthidium lansbergii rozei (PETERS 1968)
Bothrops lansbergii venezuelensis ROZE 1959: 11 (preoccupied)
Bothrops lansbergii rozei PETERS 1968: 320 (nom. subst.)
Bothrops lansbergii rozei — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 48
Porthidium lansbergii rozei — WELCH 1994: 101
Porthidium landsbergii rozei — KORNACKER 1999 
DistributionPanama, N Colombia (from N Choco and Antioquia, coastal Caribbean lowlands, and from Rio Magdalena valley, up to Honda, Tolima, Huila)

hutmanni: Isla Margarita, Venezuela; Type locality: Porlamar, Isla Margarita, Venezuela.

rozei: Venezuela; Type locality: Caripito, Estado Monagas, Venezuela.

Type locality: Turbaco, Colombia.  
TypesType: Unlocated (McDiarmid et al. 1999)
Holotype: unknown; was "Angela" a live specimen in the Terrariode Valencia, Venezuela [hutmanni]
Holotype: AMNH 59489 [venezuelensis] [rozei] 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (venezuelensis = rozei): This subspecies difers from the nominate subspecies, known from Colombia and Central America, in having a lower ventral count, 142-144, as compared to 147-159 for B. 1. lansbergii, and in having the dark dorsal blotches much wider than the light interspaces. Moreover, venezuelensis has a maximum of 25 dorsal rows; there are from 27 to 32 subcaudals; normally there are nine (exceptionally eight or 10) supralabials, 10 or 11 infralabials, and 20 to 23 dark dorsal blotches (Roze 1959). 

Illustration: See color plate 83 in VILLA et al. 1988.

Subspecies: Porthidium lansbergii arcosae SCHÄTTI & KRAMER 1993 has been elevated to full species status.

Distribution: has also been reported from N Venezuela (Bolívar [HR 34: 389], Zulia) but before arcosae was split off.

Synonymy after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970. Porthidium lansbergii annectens (SCHMIDT 1936) is a synonym of P. ophryomegas. Thanatos patoquilla POSADO ARANGO (1889) might be a synonym of P. lansbergii but has been considered as of unclear status by several authors (see MCDIARMID et al. 1999 for a discussion). Previous records of P. lansbergii from W Panama to be based on individuals of Porthidium volcanicum.

Similar species: Porthidium volcanicum

Note that SANDNER-MOTILLA (1989) dedicated B. l. hutmanni to Adolfo Houtmann (also spelled Hautmann in the paper), but used the name “hutmanni” multiple times including the title.

Habitat: terrestrial 
EtymologyNamed after Reinhart Frans van Lansberge (1804-1873), a Dutch administrator in the West Indies. 
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