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Prosymna bivittata WERNER, 1903

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Higher TaxaProsymnidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Two-striped Shovel-snout, Twin-striped Shovel-snout 
SynonymProsymna sundevalli var. bivittata WERNER 1903
Prosymna sundevalli bivittata — LOVERIDGE 1958
Prosymna bivittata — AUERBACH 1987: 177
Prosymna bivittata — MATTISON 1995: 105
Prosymna bivittata — BAUER & BRANCH 2003
Prosymna bivittata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 579 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (Transvaal, Namaqualand), S Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia

Type locality: “D.W. Afrika” [Namibia]  
TypesHolotype: lost, was ZSM 1890/0 (lost fide Franzen & Glaw 2007), 1 specimen, collected by Kuhn, 1902. 
CommentIllustration in Gruschwitz & Schmidt 2001. 
EtymologyNamed after “bi-” = two or dual and Latin “vitta, -ae” = band or stripe. 
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M., and Branch, W.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the Richtersveld National Park, Northern Cape Province, Republic of South Africa. Herpetological Natural History 8: 111-160 [2001]
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Branch, William R. & Haacke, Wulf D. 1993. The herpetofauna of the Kamanjab area and adjacent Damaraland, Namibia. Madoqua (Windhoek) 18 (2): 117-145.
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Gruschwitz M. & Schmidt A. 2001. Das Blouberg Conservation Project - eine einzigartige Schutzinitiative für südafrikanische Reptilien braucht Unterstützung. Elaphe 9 (2): 65-69
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1958. Revision of five african snake genera. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 119: 1-198 (141) - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 1995. The Encyclopedia of Snakes. New York: Facts on File, 256 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, FRANZ 1903. Ueber Reptilien und Batrachier aus Guatemala und China in der zoologischen Staats-Sammlung in München nebst einem Anhang über seltene Formen aus anderen Gegenden. Abhandl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wissensch., Munich, (ser. 2) 22 (2): 343-384 - get paper here
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