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Prosymna ruspolii (BOULENGER, 1896)

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Higher TaxaProsymnidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Ruspoli's Shovelsnout Snake, Southern Somaliland Shovel-snout 
SynonymAsthenophis ruspolii BOULENGER 1896: 12
Prosymna agrestis SCORTECCI 1929: 272 (fide LOVERIDGE 1958)
Asthenophis ruspolii — SCORTECCI 1931: 18
Prosymna agrestis — SCORTECCI 1939
Prosymna ambigua ruspolii — LOVERIDGE 1958
Prosymna ruspolii keniensis BROADLEY 1980
Prosymna ruspolii kiniensis — GRAVLUND 2000
Prosymna ruspolii — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 526
Prosymna ruspolii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 581
Prosymna ruspolii — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 423 
DistributionS Ethiopia, S Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania (GRAVLUND 2000, [HR 31: 57])

Type locality: “Magala Umberto I, Ganale Doria”.  
TypesHolotype: MSNG 29057, a 198 mm male (E. Ruspoli, 1893).
Holotype: MCZ 96864 [keniensis]
Lectotype: MSNM (Milano) [agrestis] 
CommentDistribution: Not listed for Tanzania by BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991. 
EtymologyNamed after Prince Eugenio Ruspoli (Țigănești, 6 January 1866 – near Burgi, Somalia, 4 December 1893), an Italian explorer and naturalist. See URL below for details. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. A list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the late Prince Eugenio Ruspoli in Somaliland and Gallaland in 1893. Annali Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Genova, Giacomo Doria, (2) 17: 5-14 [11] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1980. A revision of the African snake genus Prosymna Gray. Bull. Mus. natl. Hist. nat., Paris 22: 362-382
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988] - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Largen,M.J. & Rasmussen,J.B. 1993. Catalogue of the snakes of Ethiopia (Reptilia Serpentes), including identification keys. Tropical Zoology 6: 313-434 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1958. Revision of five african snake genera. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 119: 1-198 (141) - get paper here
  • Scortecci ,G. 1939. Spedizione zoologica del Marchese Saverio patrizi nel Basso Giuba e nell'Oltre Giuba. Giugno-agosto 1934. XII. Rettili Ofidi. Annali Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Giacomo Doria 58: 263-291
  • Scortecci, G. 1929. Primo contributo alla conoscenza dei Rettili e degli Anfibi della Somalia italiana. Atti Soc. ital. Sci. nat. 68: 245-279
  • Scortecci, Giuseppe 1931. Contributo alla conoscenza dei rettili e degli anfibi della Somalia, dell'Eritrea e dell'Abissinia. Boll. Mus. Zool. Univ. Torino, (ser. 3) 41 (10): 1-26 [1930]
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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