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Pseudemys alabamensis BAUR, 1893

IUCN Red List - Pseudemys alabamensis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaEmydidae, Deirochelyinae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Alabama Redbelly Turtle 
SynonymPseudemys alabamensis BAUR 1893
Pseudemys alabamensis BAUR 1893: 224
Pseudemys rubriventris alabamensis — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1961
Chrysemys rubriventris alabamensis — FRITZ 1981
Pseudemys (Ptychemys) alabamensis — WARD 1984: 43
Pseudemys alabamensis — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 70
Pseudemys alabamensis — CROTHER 2000
Pseudemys (Ptychemys) alabamensis — MCCORD et al. 2005
Pseudemys alabamensis — TTWG 2021 
DistributionUSA (Mobile Bay, Alabama, Mississippi)

Type locality: Mobile Bay, Alabama  
TypesSyntypes: USNM 20966 (stuffed adult male and skull, CL 278 mm), collected by Gustave Kohn, 7 May 1885; USNM 20967 (stuffed adult female and skull, CL 290 mm), collected by Gustave Kohn, 11 May 1885. Originally: “Collection of Mr. G. Kohn, New Orleans, La. This species exists in different museums, with the name P. mobiliensis Holbr.” (from BAUR 1893). 
DiagnosisOriginal description from BAUR (1893): The shell is much more arched than in P. rubiventris; the coloration is like that in the latter form, but the plastron is yellow, or yellow wilh brown reticulations or dots.  
CommentDiet: herbivorous.

Habitat: freshwater (lakes, ponds, rivers) 
EtymologyThe name alabamensis refers to the state of Alabama.  
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Baur, G. 1893. Notes on the classification and taxonomy of the Testudinata. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 31: 210-225 - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Carr, Archie; Crenshaw, John W., Jr 1957. A taxonomic reappraisal of the turtle Pseudemys alabamensis Baur. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 2 (3): 25-42 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Fritz, U. 1981. Synonymie von Chrysemys concinna (LE CONTE 1830) mit Chrysemys floridana (LE CONTE 1830) mit Berücksichtigung von Chrysemys rubriventris (LE CONTE 1830), WERMUTH & MERTENS 1961. Herpetofauna 3 (11): 31-33 - get paper here
  • LEARY, C.J.; JAMES L. DOBIE; THOMAS M. MANN AND PETER S. FLOYD 2003. Morphological variation in the endangered Alabama red-bellied cooter (Pseudemys alabamensis) and taxonomic status of a population in Mississippi. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 4 (3): 635
  • McCord, W.P., Joseph-Ouni, M. & Uhrig, D. 2005. Chelonian Illustrations # 23 - Red-bellied and River Cooters of North America. Reptilia (GB) (43): 79- - get paper here
  • McCoy C J; Vogt R C 1985. Pseudemys alabamensis Baur. Alabama red-bellied turtle. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 371: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Nelson, David H. and William M. Turner. 2014. Pseudemys alabamensis (Alabama red-bellied cooter) maximum size. Herpetological Review 45 (4): 692 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, Robert P.; Steve W. Gotte, and Carl H. Ernst 2007. Catalog of Type Specimens of Recent Crocodilia and Testudines in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 626: 1-49 - get paper here
  • Seidel, Michael E. & Carl H. Ernst 2017. A Systematic Review of the Turtle Family Emydidae. Vertebrate Zoology 67 (1): 1–122 - get paper here
  • Spinks, Phillip Q.; Robert C. Thomson, Gregory B. Pauly, Catherine E. Newman, Genevieve Mount, H. Bradley Shaffer 2013. Misleading phylogenetic inferences based on single-exemplar sampling in the turtle genus Pseudemys. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (2): 269-281 - get paper here
  • Stephens, P.R. & Wiens, J.J. 2003. Ecological diversification and phylogeny of emydid turtles. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 79: 577-610 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • Ward, J.P. 1984. Relationships of the Chrysemyd turtles of North America (Testudines: Emydidae). Special Publications of the Museum of the Texas Technological University 21: 1-50 - get paper here
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