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Pseudemys peninsularis CARR, 1938

IUCN Red List - Pseudemys peninsularis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaEmydidae, Deirochelyinae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Peninsula Cooter
G: Peninsula-Schmuckschildkröte 
SynonymPseudemys floridana peninsularis CARR 1938
Chrysemys floridana peninsularis — FRITZ & BIENERT 1981
Pseudemys floridana peninsularis — WARD 1984: 42
Pseudemys floridana peninsularis — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 68
Pseudemys peninsularis — SEIDEL 1994
Pseudemys peninsularis — CROTHER 2000
Pseudemys peninsularis — ERNST & LOVICH 2009
Pseudemys peninsularis — TTWG 2021 
DistributionUSA (Florida peninsula)

Type locality: “Crystal Springs, Pasco County, Florida.”  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 43849 (also given as 42849). Paratypes: CM 9875–77; MCZ 43850, 44069; UF 951; UMMZ 83358–59. USNM 104389 (dry stuffed adult female, CL 309 mm), collected at the type locality by Lewis J. Marchand, 20 Feb 1938; and USNM 104390 (dry stuffed adult male, CL 243 mm), near Umatilla, Lake County, Florida, collected by Archie F. Carr Jr., 16 Mar 1934. 
CommentDiet: herbivorous.

Habitat: freshwater (lakes, ponds, rivers) 
EtymologyThe Latin peninsularis refers to the peninsula of Florida, to which the range of the taxon is restricted. 
  • Akeret, B. 2009. Unter und über Wasser durch die Karstgewässer Floridas. Draco 10 (37): 24-29 - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Carr, A. F. 1938. A new subspecies of Pseudemys floridana, with notes on the floridana complex. Copeia 1938 (3): 105-109 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • DONINI, J., M. VALDES, M. JUAREZ, AND D. LANDA 2020. Pseudemys peninsularis (Peninsula Cooter). Interspecific Mutalism. Herpetological Review 51: 584.
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. & Bienert, H.-D. 1981. Übersicht über die neuweltliche Sumpfschildkrötengattung Chrysemys GRAY (Pseudemys GRAY = Synonym für Chrysemys GRAY). Herpetofauna 3 (10): 17-22 - get paper here
  • Hennig, A. S. 2015. Immer wieder gelbe Streifen …<br />Hinweise zur Bestimmung häufig gehaltener Wasserschildkrötenarten. Reptilia (Münster) 20 (116): 26-31 - get paper here
  • Hennig, A. S. 2015. Häufig gehaltene Wasserschildkrötenarten – eine Übersicht. Reptilia (Münster) 20 (116): 18-25 - get paper here
  • Hennig, A.S. 2007. Haltung und Nachzucht der Peninsula-Schmuckschildkröte, Pseudemys peninsularis CARR 1938. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (66): 77-82 - get paper here
  • Hootman, T; Enz, J J; Munscher, E; Walton, E M; Walde, A D; Hauge, J B & Paden, L; 2019. Pseudemys peninsularis (Peninsula Cooter) Movement. Herpetological Review 50 (2): 356 - get paper here
  • Krysko, K.K.; Enge, K.M.; Donlan, E.M.; Golden, E.Z.; Burgess, J.P. & Larson, K.W. 2009. THE NON-MARINE HERPETOFAUNA OF KEY BISCAYNE, FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):132-142 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P., Joseph-Ouni, M. & Uhrig, D. 2005. Chelonian Illustrations # 23 - Red-bellied and River Cooters of North America. Reptilia (GB) (43): 79- - get paper here
  • Munscher, Eric; Andrew D. Walde, Theresa Stratmann, Brian P. Butterfield 2015. Exceptional Growth Rates Observed in Immature Pseudemys from a Protected Spring System in Florida. Herpetology Notes 8: 133-140 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, Robert P.; Steve W. Gotte, and Carl H. Ernst 2007. Catalog of Type Specimens of Recent Crocodilia and Testudines in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 626: 1-49 - get paper here
  • Seidel M E; Ernst C H 1996. Pseudemys. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (625): 1-7 - get paper here
  • Seidel, M. E. 1994. Morphometric analysis and taxonomy of cooter and red-bellied turtles in the North American genus Pseudemys (Emydidae). Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 1 (2): 117-130
  • Seidel, Michael E ; Ernst, Carl H 1998. Pseudemys peninsularis. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 669: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Seidel, Michael E. & Carl H. Ernst 2017. A Systematic Review of the Turtle Family Emydidae. Vertebrate Zoology 67 (1): 1–122 - get paper here
  • Spinks, Phillip Q.; Robert C. Thomson, Gregory B. Pauly, Catherine E. Newman, Genevieve Mount, H. Bradley Shaffer 2013. Misleading phylogenetic inferences based on single-exemplar sampling in the turtle genus Pseudemys. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (2): 269-281 - get paper here
  • Stephens, P.R. & Wiens, J.J. 2003. Ecological diversification and phylogeny of emydid turtles. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 79: 577-610 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • Ward, J.P. 1984. Relationships of the Chrysemyd turtles of North America (Testudines: Emydidae). Special Publications of the Museum of the Texas Technological University 21: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2009. Florida - ein kleiner herpetologischer Reiseführer. Draco 10 (37): 4-23 - get paper here
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