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Ptyas dhumnades (CANTOR, 1842)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesChinese: 乌梢蛇 
SynonymColuber dhumnades CANTOR 1842
Ablabes vittatus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 326
Zaocys dhumnades — COPE 1860
Zaocys dhumnades — GÜNTHER 1864: 256
Zaocys dhumnades — BOULENGER 1893: 375
Zaocys dhumnades — STEJNEGER 1907: 352
Zaocys oshimai STEJNEGER 1925
Zaocys dhumnades montanus POPE 1928
Zaocys nigromarginatus montanus — MELL 1931 [1929]
Zaocys dhumnades — MEHRTENS 1987: 207
Coluber dhumnades — LAZELL et al. 1991
Ptyas dhumnades — DAVID & VOGEL 1996 (by implication)
Zaocys dhumnades — ZHAO 2006
Ptyas dhumnades — NGUYEN et al. 2009
Ptyas dhumnades — WALLACH et al. 2014: 615 
DistributionS China (from Guangdong north to Hebei and west to Gansu; Chekiang, Jiangxi, Anhwei, Kiangsu), Vietnam,
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.14.89 (and possibly additional specimens).
Holotype: USNM 52267 [Zaocys oshimai] 
CommentSynonymy partly after STEJNEGER 1907. Cantor gives an explanation of the name. The genus name stems from “za” (za), a Greek prefix meaning “very”, and “okus” (okus) = “swift”. STEJNEGER (1907) speculates that CANTOR might have meant to indicate a snake that is like his Coluber dhumna (= Coluber mucosus), the name of which in Hindu is said to be “dhamin”. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cantor,T. 1842. General features of Chusan, with remarks on the flora and fauna of that island [part 1]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 9: 265-278 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Catalogue of the Colubrids in the museum of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Part 3. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 12 [1860]: 553-566 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1888. On a collection of reptiles from China. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 165-172 - get paper here
  • Lazell,J.D., Keirans,J.E. & Samuelson,G.A. 1991. The Sulawesi black racer, Coluber (Ptyas) dipsas, and a remarkable ectoparasitic aggregation. Pacific Science 45 (4): 355-361
  • Mehrtens, J.M. 1987. Living snakes of the world in color. Sterling Publ. Co., hic., New York, NY: 480 pp.
  • Mell,R. 1931. List of Chinese snakes. Lingnan Sci. Jour., Canton, 8 [1929]: 199-219.
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Pope,C.H. 1928. Four new snakes and a new lizard from South China. American Museum Novitates 325: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1925. Chinese amphibians and reptiles in the United States National Museum. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 66 (25): 1-115. - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
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