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Ramphotyphlops conradi (PETERS, 1875)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Conrad's Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops conradi PETERS 1875: 162
Typhlops conradi — BOULENGER 1893: 33
Typhlops conradi — DE ROOIJ 1917: 10
Typhlops conradi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 97
Typhlops conradi — LANG & VOGEL 2005
Typhlops conradi — KOCH 2012
Typhlops conradi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 760
Ramphotyphlops conradi — HEDGES et al. 2014 
DistributionIndonesia (Sulawesi).

Type locality: “North Celebes”  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 7934 
DiagnosisSnout rounded; nostril inferior. Rostral two fifths the width
of the head, extending nearly to the level of the eyes; nasal incompletely divided, the cleft proceeding from the second
labial; praeocular present, much larger than the ocular, in contact with the second and third labials ; eyes distinct ; head- scales enlarged; four upper labials. Body with 1 8 scales round the middle; its diameter 58 times in the total length; tail a little more broad than long (De Rooij 1917).

Color: Brown above; head and end of tail white. Lower surface light (De Rooij 1917).

Total length: 175 mm (description after PETERS; cited in De Rooij 1917). 
CommentSynonymy: BOULENGER supposes that T. conradi Peters may be the same as T. ater Schlegel. 
EtymologyNamed after Captain Paul Conrad (1836-ca. 1873), a German from Bremen who was in the East Indies (1870-1873). 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bosch, H A J. in den & Ineich I. 1994. The Typhlopidae of Sulawesi (Indonesia): A review with description of a new genus and a new species (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Journal of Herpetology 28 (2): 206-217 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. DE 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 334 S. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Koch, A. 2012. Discovery, Diversity, and Distribution of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi and its offshore islands. Edition Chimaira, 374 pp. [ISBN 978-3-89973-432-4] - get paper here
  • Lang, Ruud de & G. Vogel 2005. The snakes of Sulawesi. A field guide to the land snakes of Sulawesi with identification keys. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, 25, Frankfurt am Main, 312 pp.
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Peters,W.H.C. 1874. Über neue Reptilien (Peropus, Agama, Euprepes, Lygosoma, Typhlops, Heterolepis) der herpetologischen Sammlung des Berliner zoologischen Museums. M. Ber. k. preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1874: 159-164 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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