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Rhinobothryum bovallii (ANDERSSON, 1916)

IUCN Red List - Rhinobothryum bovallii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymRhinobothrium bovallii ANDERSSON 1916: 32
Rhinobothryum Bovallii — PONS 1965: 99
Rhinobothryum bovallii — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 269
Rhinobothryum bovallii — KORNACKER 1999: 132
Rhinobothryum bovallii — SAVAGE 2002
Rhinobothryum bovallii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 647 
DistributionHonduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama,
NW Colombia (along Pacific drainge below 1200 m elevation, Caribbean coast in humid forests; Nariño, Cauca, Valle del Cauca, Choco, Antioquia, Cordoba, Caldas, Santander),
Ecuador, NW Venezuela (Zulia)

Type locality: Siquirres, Costa Rica.  
TypesHolotype: GNM 1221 (Göteborg Natural History Museum) 
CommentColor plate 69 in VILLA et al. 1988.

Mimicry: This species mimics the sympatric Micrurus alleni and M. nigrocinctus

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Carl Erik Alexander BovaIIius (or BowaIIius) (1849-1907), Associate Professor of Zoology at Uppsala University. He primarily worked on crustaceans. 
  • Andersson, L.G. 1916. Notes on the reptiles and batrachians in the Zoological Museum at Gothenburg with an account of some new species. Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskap och Vitter Hets-Samnalles Hndlingar Sjatte Foljden (Series B, 4) 17 (5) [ = Meddelanden fran Göteborgs Musei Zoologiska Afdelning, No. 9]: 1-41
  • Barreto-Martínez, Anibal J. and Julián A. Rojas-Morales 2020. A clutch of the False Tree Coral, Rhinobothryum bovallii Anderson 1916 (Squamata: Colubridae), in the Colombian Caribbean. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (1): 46–47 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • Cruz-García K, Cisneros-Heredia DF, Sánchez-Nivicela JC, Amador L 2020. New records of four reptile species (Lepidosauria, Squamata) from the province of Guayas, southwestern Ecuador. Check List 16(3): 765-772 - get paper here
  • Flores, E. E., V. De Gracia and B. Pena 2016. Geographic Distribution: Rhinobothryum bovallii (False Tree Coral). Herpetological Review 47(3): 429. - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Kornacker,P.M. 1999. Checklist and key to the snakes of Venezuela. PaKo-Verlag, Rheinbach, Germany, 270 pp.
  • Lancini,A.R. & Kornacker,P.M. 1989. Die Schlangen von Venezuela. Armitano Editores C.A., Caracas, 1-381
  • Martínez-Fonseca JG, Loza J, Fernández M, Salazar-Saavedra M, Sunyer J 2019. First country record of Rhinobothryum bovallii (Andersson, 1916) (Squamata, Colubridae) from Nicaragua. Check List 15(4): 555-563 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela. Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • Peters , J. A. 1960. The snakes of Ecuador; check list and key. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 122: 489-541 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Pons 1965. Kasmera, Univ. Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela 2: 99
  • Ray, Julie M. and Patty Ruback 2015. Updated checklists of snakes for the provinces of Panamá and Panamá Oeste, Republic of Panama. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (2): 168-188 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Morales; J. A. 2012. On the geographic distribution of the false coral snake, Rhinobothryum bovallii (Serpentes: Dipsadidae), in Colombia – a biogeographical perspective. Salamandra 48 (4): 243-248 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Runjaic, Fernando J. M. & Edwin E. Infante-Rivero 2018. Redescubrimiento de las serpientes Rhinobothryum bovallii (Andersson, 1916) y Plesiodipsas perijanensis (Alemán, 1953) en Venezuela. Memoria de la Fundación La Salle de Ciencias Naturales 76(184): 83–92 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Solorzano, A. 2004. Serpientes de Costa Rica - Snakes of Costa Rica. Editorial INBio, Costa Rica, 792 pp.
  • Steinke, Julie A. 2016. A Comparative Study of Herpetofauna in a Primary Forest and Reforested Area in Coastal Ecuador. Journal of Young Investigators 30 (4): 14-19 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Turcios-Casco, Manfredo Alejandro, Josué Ramos Galdamez, Milton Salazar-Saavedra, and James R. McCranie 2018. A second locality for Rhinobothryum bovallii Andersson (Colubridae) in Nuclear Central America, with comments on its habitat. Mesoamerican Herpetology 5 (1): 138–144 - get paper here
  • Valencia-Zuleta A, Jaramillo-Martínez AF, Echeverry-Bocanegra A, Viáfara-Vega R, Hernández-Córdoba O, Cardona-Botero VE, Gutiérrez-Zúñiga J, Castro-Herrera F. 2014. Conservation status of the herpetofauna, protected areas, and current problems in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (2): 1–18 (e87) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, L. D., & MEYER, J. R. 1985. The Snakes of Honduras. 2d ed. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Publ., Biol. & Geol. No. 6, 150 pp.
  • Wirth, Michael 2011. Lohnende Reiseziele für Amphibien- und Reptilienfreunde in Costa Rica. Draco 12 (45): 22-39 - get paper here
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