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Rhynchocalamus arabicus SCHMIDT, 1933

IUCN Red List - Rhynchocalamus arabicus - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Aden Kukri Snake
G: Arabische Kukrinatter 
SynonymRhynchocalamus arabicus SCHMIDT 1933
Rhynchocalamus arabicus — CORKILL & COCHRANE 1966
Rhynchocalamus arabicus — GASPERETTI 1988: 273
Rhynchocalamus arabicus — OLGUN et al. 2007
Rhynchocalamus arabicus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 654 
DistributionYemen (Aden), Oman

Type locality: Arabia (Aden)  
TypesHolotype: FMNH 18219 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Closely allied to Rhynchocalamus melanocephalus (Jan), with which it agrees in its reduced maxillary dentition and greatly elongate posterior solid fang, and from which it is distinguished by its uniform dark color, much wider frontal shield, and higher number of ventral plates and subcaudals [from SCHMIDT 1933]. 
CommentKnown only from the holotype and a second record from Oman (ŠMÍD et al. 2015).

Distribution: see map in ŠMÍD et al. 2015: 382. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Carranza S, Xipell M, Tarroso P, Gardner A, Arnold EN, Robinson MD, et al. 2018. Diversity, distribution and conservation of the terrestrial reptiles of Oman (Sauropsida, Squamata). PLoS One 13 (2): e0190389 - get paper here
  • Corkill, N. L. and Cochrane, J. A. 1966. The snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 62 (3): 475-506 (1965) - get paper here
  • Egan, D. 2007. Snakes of Arabia. Motivate Publishing, Dubai, 208 pp.
  • Gasperetti,J. 1988. Snakes of Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 9: 169-450
  • Gebhart, Jürgen 2017. Erstnachweise der Arabischen Kukrinatter (Rhynchocalamus arabicus) im Oman. Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (4): 66-68 - get paper here
  • Grossmann, W., Kowalski, T., Zwanzig, B. M., Zilger, H. J. and Gebhart, J. 2020. Herpetological observations in Oman: Al Mughsayl and Wadi Ashawq in Dhofar, Part 1. Amphibia: Anura; Reptilia: Squamata: Sauria. Sauria 42 (1): 1-20.
  • Olgun, K.; Avci, A. Ilgaz, C.; Üzüm, N. & Yilmaz, C. 2007. A new species of Rhynchocalamus (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae) from Turkey. Zootaxa 1399: 57–68 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1933. A new snake (Rhynchocalamus arabicus) from Arabia. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 20: 9-10 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; GABRIEL MARTÍNEZ, JURGEN GEBHART, JAVIER AZNAR, JAVIER GÁLLEGO, BAYRAM GÖÇMEN, PHILIP DE POUS, KARIN TAMAR & SALVADOR CARRANZA 2015. Phylogeny of the genus Rhynchocalamus (Reptilia; Colubridae) with a first record from the Sultanate of Oman. Zootaxa 4033 (3): 380–392 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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