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Saara asmussi (STRAUCH, 1863)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Uromastycinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Iranian Mastigure
G: Iranische Dornschwanzagame 
SynonymCentrotrachelus asmussi STRAUCH 1863
Uromastix asmussii — BOULENGER 1885: 409
Uromastix asmussi — ALCOCK & FINN 1897: 557
Uromastix asmussi — SMITH 1935: 247
Uromastix asmussi — LEVITON 1959
Uromastyx asmussi — WERMUTH 1967: 102
Uromastyx cf. asmussi — NILSON & ANDREN 1981: 136
Uromastyx asmussi — DAS 1996: 45
Uromastyx asmussi — WILMS 2002: 18
Saara asmussi — WILMS et al. 2009
Uromastyx asmussi — ŠMÍD et al. 2014 
DistributionS Iran (Kavir desert, Isfahan, Khorasan, Kerman, Baluchistan-Sistan), Afghanistan, Pakistan (Baluchistan)

Type locality: Sar-i-tschah, Iran (fide WERMUTH 1967)  
TypesHolotype: ZISP 3029 (Zoological Museum, Academy of Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg),male, Seri-Tschah (Eastern Persia), coll. Keyzerling, 1858–1859. 
DiagnosisDifferential diagnosis:The species asmussi belongs to the genus Saara. This taxon is distinguished from Saara hardwickii by having 1–2 rows of unkeeled intercalary scales separating each tail whorl dorsally (2–6 keeled intercalary scales in S. hardwickii). S. asmussi is distinguished from S. loricatain having fewer preanofemoral- pores (8–13 in S. asmussivs. 14–20 in S. loricata).
CommentDistribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyThe species is named after Dr. Hermann Asmuss, a former teacher of Strauch and professor of zoology at the University of Dorpat.

The genus is named after Greek “centron” = thorn, sting, and “trachelos” = neck. 
  • Alcock, A. W. & FINN,F. 1897. An account of the Reptilia collected by Dr. F.P. Maynard, Captain A.H. McMahon, C.I.E., and the members of the Afghan-Baluch Boundary Comission of 1896. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 65: 550-566 [1896] - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, N. B. 2010. Asian Agamid lizards (Agamidae, Acrodonta, Sauria, Reptilia): Phylogenetic and taxonomic diversity. Taprobanica 2 (2): 65-71 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Damadi, Ehsan; Rasoul Karamiani; Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani; Ali Gholamifard 2017. A checklist of lizards from southeastern part of the Sistan and Baluchestan Province in southeastern Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics, DOI: 10.22067/ijab.v13i1.50398 - get paper here
  • Ebrahimipour, Farnaz; Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani, Batoul Ghorbani 2016. A Preliminary Study of the Reptile’s Fauna in Northwestern Yazd Province, Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (4): 243-248 - get paper here
  • Fakhri, Syed Shamim 2012. NEW DISTRIBUTION RANGE OF SEISTAN SPINY-TAIL GROUND LIZARD (Uromastyx asmussi) IN PAKISTAN. Wildlife of Pakistan 1 (1): 43
  • Forcart, Lothar 1950. Amphibien und Reptilien von Iran. Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel 61: 141-156
  • Ghaedi, Z., Badri, S., Vaissi, R. S. P., Javidkar, M., & Ahmadzadeh, F. 2020. The Zagros Mountains acting as a natural barrier to gene flow in the Middle East: more evidence from the evolutionary history of spiny-tailed lizards (Uromasticinae: Saara). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 192 (4): 1123–1136 [online 2020] - get paper here
  • Ghaedi, Z., Saberi-Pirooz, R., Ebrahimi, E., Badri, S., & Ahmadzadeh, F. 2020. Genetic diversity within the Iranian spiny-tailed lizards and predicting species distribution in climate change conditions. [in Farsi] Nova BiologicaReperta 7(2): 192-205 - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. CHECKLIST AND KEY TO THE LIZARDS OF PAKISTAN. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (1): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E. 1959. Report on a collection of reptiles from Afghanistan. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (12): 445-463 - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1897. Les reptiles, amphibiens et poissons recueillis (part.) Mr. N. Zaroudny dans la Perse orientale [in Russian]. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg 2: 306-348 - get paper here
  • Nilson,G. & Andren,C. 1981. Die Herpetofauna des Kavir-Schutzgebietes, Kavir-Wüste, Iran. Salamandra 17 (3-4): 130-146 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Strauch, A. 1863. Characteristik zweier neuer Eidechsen aus Persien. Bulletin de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg, 6:477-480 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2001. Dornschwanzagamen, 2. Aufl. Herpeton, Offenbach, 142 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2002. Uromastyx - spiny-tailed agamas. Reptilia (GB) (21): 12-18 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2007. Dornschwanzagamen der Gattung Uromastyx - Einführung in Taxonomie und Ökologie einer auf Wüsten spezialisierten Echsengruppe. Draco 8 (31): 4-19 - get paper here
  • Wilms, Thomas; Böhme, Wolfgang; Wagner, Philipp; Lutzmann, Nicolà; Andreas Schmitz 2009. On the Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Genus Uromastyx Merrem, 1820 (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae: Uromastycinae) – Resurrection of the Genus Saara Gray, 1845. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 56: 55-99 - get paper here
  • Wilms,T. 1995. Dornschwanzagamen. MÜNSTER: 130 (ISBN 3-9802892-5-7) - get paper here
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