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Salea horsfieldii GRAY, 1845

IUCN Red List - Salea horsfieldii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Horsfield's Spiny Lizard, Nilgiri Salea 
SynonymSalea horsfieldii GRAY 1845: 242
Calotes (Mecolepis) hirsutus DUMÉRIL 1851: 88 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Calotes (Mecolepis) trispinosus DUMÉRIL 1851 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Mecolepis sulcatus DUMÉRIL 1851 (fide SMITH 1935)
Salea horsfieldii — BOULENGER 1885: 312
Salea horsfieldii — SMITH 1935: 177
Salea horsfieldii — WERMUTH 1967: 95
Salea horsfieldii — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 103
Salea horsfieldii — MURTHY 2010
Salea horsfieldii — DAS et al. 2019 
DistributionS India (Nilgiri Hills, Palni Hills, Kerala)

Type locality: “India, Affghanistan”; restricted to “India” by SMITH 1935 (fide WERMUTH 1967).  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.14.11–12 
CommentType species: Salea horsfieldii GRAY 1845 is the type species of the genus Salea GRAY 1845.

Distribution: Has been erroneously reported from Sri Lanka, but not present there (SOMAWEERA & SOMAWEERA 2009). 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Thomas Horsfield (1773'-1859), an American naturalist and physician who worked in Java, among other places. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • DAS, SUNANDAN; PATRICK D. CAMPBELL, KAUSHIK DEUTI, PROBHAT BAG, SUJOY RAHA 2019. A contribution to the systematics of Salea anamallayana (Beddome, 1878) and S. horsfieldii Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Agamidae: Draconinae). Zootaxa 4563 (3): 563–583 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C. & A. H. A. Duméril 1851. Catalogue méthodique de la collection des reptiles du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Gide et Baudry/Roret, Paris, 224 pp.
  • GANESH, S.R. & R. AENGALS: 2011. Eine Neubewertung von Salea horsfieldii GRAY, 1845 (Reptilia: Agamidae) in den Palni Hills der Western Ghats, Süd-Indien. Sauria 33 (3): 55-58 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; S. Bhupathy, P. Karthik, G. Babu Rao & S. Babu 2020. Catalogue of herpetological specimens from peninsular India at the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History (SACON), India. JoTT 12 (9): 16123–16135 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Kumar, P. Santhosh; J. Leona Princy & P. Kannan 2017. Nilgiri Salea - Opportunistic feeding behaviour of Salea horsfieldii. Zoo’s Print 32 (3):  20-21 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey U 2010. Agamid Lizards of Southern Asia. Draconinae 2 -Leiolepidinae. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 7b, Frankfurt, 168 pp.
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
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