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Sceloporus couchii BAIRD, 1859

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Couch's Spiny Lizard
S: Lagartija de las Cercas 
SynonymSceloporus couchii BAIRD 1859
Sceloporus couchii — BOULENGER 1885: 231
Lysoptychus lateralis COPE 1888 (fide SMITH 1939)
Sceloporus lateralis — BOULENGER 1890 (fide SMITH 1939)
Sceloporus couchii — SMITH 1939: 240
Sceloporus couchii — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 132
Lysoptychus couchi — LARSEN & TANNER 1975
Sceloporus couchii — LINER 1994
Sceloporus couchii — BELL et al. 2003: 20
Sceloporus couchii — SOLIS-ZURITA et al. 2019 
DistributionMexico (E Coahuila, C/N Nuevo Leon)

lateralis: Type Locality: San Diego, Duval County, Texas, in error; the species is restricted to Mexico. The type probably came from somewhere in Nuevo León (BELL et al. 2003)

Type locality: Santa Catarina, Nuevo León  
TypesLectotype: USNM 2739b, selected from a series of 9 specimens under the same number, by Smith (1939); Lieut. Darius Nash Couch collector, April 1853.
Holotype: USNM 14741, a typical S. couchi, collected by W. P. Taylor [lateralis] 
CommentDistribution: Not listed by CROTHER 2000, 2017 for the USA. 
EtymologyThis Latin noun in the genitive singular honors Lieut. Darius Nash Couch, the collector.

Etymology (lateralis): The Latin adjective lateralis, "of the side," probably was based on the very prominent lateral dark and light stripes. 
  • Baird, S.F. 1859. Description of new genera and species of North American lizards in the museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 10: 253-256 [1858] - get paper here
  • Bell, E.L.; Smith, H.M. & Chiszar, D. 2003. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE SPECIES-GROUP NAMES APPLIED TO THE LIZARD GENUS SCELOPORUS. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n.s.) 90: 103-174 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1890. First report on additions to the lizard collection in the British Museum (Natural History). Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1890: 77—86 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1888. Catalogue of Batrachia and Reptilia brought by William Taylor from San Diego, Tex. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 11: 395-398 [1889] - get paper here
  • Hernandez, T O; Herr, M W; Trevino, A E; Lazcano, D; Black, M & Graham, S P 2018. Geographic Distribution: Sceloporus couchii (Couch's Spiny Lizard). Herpetological Review 49 (3): 504 - get paper here
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620
  • Larsen, Kenneth R.;Tanner, Wilmer W. 1975. Evolution of the sceloporine lizards (Iguanidae). Great Basin Naturalist 35 (1): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Lazcano D, Nevárez-de los Reyes M, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, Wilson LD. 2019. The herpetofauna of Coahuila, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 31–94 (e189) - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. 2010. Species trees for spiny lizards (Genus Sceloporus): Identifying points of concordance and conflict between nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 162–171 - get paper here
  • Leaché, A.D. & J.W.Sites, Jr. 2009. Chromosome Evolution and Diversification in North American Spiny Lizards (Genus Sceloporus). Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 166-181 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 550 pp.
  • Nevárez-de-los-Reyes, Manuel, David Lazcano, Elí García-Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The Herpetofauna of Nuevo León, Mexico: Composition, Distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 558–638 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1939. The Mexican and Central American lizards of the genus Sceloporus. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. 26: 1-397. - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1937. A synopsis of the Variabilis group of the lizard genus Sceloporus, with descriptions of new subspecies. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich 358: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Solis‐Zurita, C, De Luna, E, González, D. 2019. Phylogenetic relationships in the Sceloporus variabilis (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) complex based on three molecular markers, continuous characters and geometric morphometric data. Zool Scr. 2019; 48: 419– 439 - get paper here
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