Sceloporus olloporus SMITH, 1937
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Sceloporus olloporus?
|Higher Taxa||Phrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Rosebelly Lizard|
S: Panza Azul-Rosada
marmoratus: Northern Rosebelly Lizard
olloporus: Southern Rose-bellied Lizard
|Synonym||Sceloporus variabilis olloporus SMITH 1937|
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — STUART 1948
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — STUART 1951: 57
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — MERTENS 1952: 52
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — BRATTSTROM & HOWELL 1954
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — TAYLOR 1956: 187
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — STUART 1963
Sceloporus olloporus — MENDOZA-QUIJANO 1998
Sceloporus variabilis olloporus — BELL et al. 2003
Sceloporus olloporus — BARTELT & PRAßEL 2009
Sceloporus olloporus — SOLIS-ZURITA et al. 2019
|Distribution||C Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica|
Type Locality: San Juanillo, Costa Rica.
|Types||Holotype: UMMZ 80458 (was originally 71207), collected 7 October 1931, by Austin Smith; paratypes: UMMZ, USNM, MCZ, FMNH|
|Diagnosis||DIAGNOSIS: A moderate-sized Sceloporus (maximum snout-vent measurement 70 mm); head scales rugose; dorsal scales usually 48 to 59, average, 52.7; ventral scales, 57 to 72, average 65.1; scales around body, 53 to 68, average 58.8 ; femoral pores usually 8 to 11, average, 9.8; dorsal scales strongly keeled, strongly mucronate, 4 to 6 times as large as lateral scales; latter subequal in size to ventral scales; ventrals smooth, notched apically; frontoparietals usually in contact medially, usually 2 on each side; anterior section of frontal longitudinally divided, posterior section frequently divided into 2 or more scales; supraoculars usually 5, occasionally broadly in contact with median head scales; prefrontals separated by an azygous scale (very rarely in contact); median frontonasal rarely typical; subnasal usually present; first canthal very frequently touching lorilabials; preocular usually divided; postrostrals usually 4; loreals usually 1; postfemoral dermal pocket present. Color is as in v. variabilis, except the dorso-lateral light stripes and dorsal spots are frequently more distinct [Smith 1937: 11].|
|Comment||Synonymy: SITES & DIXON (1982) and several later authors (e.g. McCranie 2018) consider Sceloporus variabilis olloporus as a synonym of the nominat form. Mendoza-Quijano et al. (1998) recognized Sceloporus v. marmoratus and S. v. olloporus as a distinct species (based on isozyme evidence). However, Mendoza-Quijano et al. (1998) collected isozyme data for only one specimen they assigned to S. olloporus (from Chiapas, Mexico) and data from specimens from only one locality for S. marmoratus. The locality of their S. marmoratus is over 500 km distant from their closest molecular samples of S. variabilis. Complicating matters is that the locality of the S. olloporus specimen from which Mendoza-Quijano et al. (1998) extracted molecular data lies outside of the geographic distribution of S. v. olloporus as defined by H. M. Smith (1937, 1939) (McCranie 2018).|
Species group: The S. variabilis group consists of five species, Sceloporus couchii, S. cozumelae, S. chrysostictus, S. teapensis, and S. smithi (Leaché et al., 2016), and two species complexes. First, the Sceloporus parvus species complex includes S. parvus parvus and S. parvus scutulatus. Second, the S. variabilis species complex includes three taxa, S. (v.) variabilis, S. (v.) marmoratus and S. (v.) olloporus.
|Etymology||The Greek ollos, "other," or "of a different sort," and poros, "pore," refer to the relatively small number of femoral pores in the subspecies.|
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