Simiscincus aurantiacus SADLIER & BAUER, 1997
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Simiscincus aurantiacus?
|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Synonym||Simiscincus aurantiacus SADLIER & BAUER 1997|
Simiscincus aurantiacus — BAUER & SADLIER 2000
Simiscincus aurantiacus — SADLIER et al. 2018
|Distribution||S New Caledonia|
Type locality: Mount Koghis (500 m elevation), New Caledonia (22° 10’ S, 166° 30’ E).
|Types||Holotype: AMS R144356, Australian Museum|
|Diagnosis||DIAGNOSIS (genus and species): Simiscincus is diagnosed as a member of the Eugongylus group of skinks as defined by Greer (1979): the parietals meet behind the interparietal; the parietal is bordered along its posterior edge by an upper secondary temporal and transversely enlarged nuchal scale; medial preanal scales more or less subequal in size to and overlapped by more lateral preanals; and the scales on the dorsal surface of fourth toe are in a single row throughout the length of the digit. Simiscincus can be distinguished from other genera in the Eugongylus group by the following unique combination of characters: depressed and elongate body form; supranasal present as a pre-nasal crease and postnasal suture; loreal single; lower eyelid with a semitransparent disk; ear opening lacking auricular lobules; paravertebral scales 99; premaxillary teeth 19; presacral vertebrae 29; atlantal arches fused to intercentrum. (Sadlier & Bauer 1997)|
|Comment||This species is a member of the Eugongylus group of skinks, but is not readily assignable to any known genus. It has a number of derived characteristics that serve to distinguish it, the most notable of which is the highest number of premaxillary teeth of any scincid. Although its relationships cannot, at present, be established unambiguously, it appears to share affinities with another monotypic endemic New Caledonian genus, Graciliscincus.|
Type species: Simiscincus aurantiacus SADLIER & BAUER 1997 is the type species of the genus Simiscincus SADLIER & BAUER 1997.
|Etymology||Named after the New Latin adjective for orange and refers to the bright enamel orange ventral and lower lateral surfaces of this species.|
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