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Sphaerodactylus cinereus WAGLER, 1830

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
SubspeciesSphaerodactylus cinereus stejnegeri COCHRAN 1931
Sphaerodactylus cinereus cinereus WAGLER 1830 
Common NamesE: Haitian Broad-banded Geckolet, Gray Gecko
G: Aschgrauer Kugelfingergecko 
SynonymSphaerodactylus cinereus WAGLER 1830:143
Sphariodactylus [sic] cinereus — MACLEAY 1834:12
Sphaerodactylus cinereus — COCHRAN 1941
Sphaerodactylus cinereus — BURT & MYERS 1942
Sphaerodactylus cinereus cinereus — GRAHAM & SCHWARTZ 1978
Sphaerodactylus cinereus cinereus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 477
Sphaerodactylus cinereus — KLUGE 1993
Sphaerodactylus cinereus — RÖSLER 2000: 111
Sphaerodactylus cinereus cinereus — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012

Sphaerodactylus cinereus stejnegeri COCHRAN 1931
Sphaerodactylus stejnegeri COCHRAN 1931
Sphaerodactylus stejnegeri — THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1966
Sphaerodactylus cinereus stejnegeri — GRAHAM & SCHWARTZ 1978
Sphaerodactylus cinereus stejnegeri — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 478
Sphaerodactylus cinereus stejnegeri — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012 
DistributionAntilles, Haiti (Jeremi), Hispaniola

Type locality: St.-Domingue (= Haiti).  
TypesHolotype: iconotype, based on Lacépède's, 1788, le sputateur.
Holotype: USNM 76640 [stejnegeri] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 32 mm, in females to 32 mm); dorsals flattened to slightly swollen, smooth, cycloid, slightly imbricate, axilla to groin 40-61; no area of middorsal granules or granular scales; ventrals smooth, flattened, cycloid, imbricate, axilla to groin 27-38; dorsal caudal scales smooth, flat-lying, cycloid, imbricate, ventral caudal scales smooth, cycloid, imbricate, enlarged midventrally; tail often swollen and disproportionately broad (= "fat"); head scales granular, relatively large, cobble-like, and tending toward conical; 1 postnasal; 0-2 (mode 1) internasals; upper labials to mideye 4-5 (mode 4); central gular scales smooth; chest scales smooth; midbody scales 46-65; escutcheon relatively large, compact, and with extensions well onto thighs, 2-7 x 7-23. Pattern strongly sexually dichromatic; dorsum (males) patternless tan to very pale gray; head and tail bright yellow-orange; dorsum (females) with 2 black body bands, either boldly outlined with white or very clear pale gray (the dorsal ground color); a black occipital band joined by 2 canthal lines, enclosing pale snout; snout with or without median dark line or figure; a black nuchal band; interspaces between dark bands with either fine wavy lines or scribblings, or bold, heavy, and dark interband markings (by subspecies); occipital band may be complete across throat (from Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 477). 
CommentFor illustrations see Lacépède, 1788; Mertens, 1939; Cochran, 1941 (as S. steinegeri); Grant, 1949 (as S. steinegeri); Thomas and Schwartz, 1966 (as S. steinegeri); Graham and Schwartz, 1978 [all fide SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991].

Distribution: Not listed by CROTHER 2000 for North America. Reprots from Florida (e.g. in HOLANOVA 2003) are in error and based on confusion with S. elegans.

Hatchlings and juveniles are banded while adults are speckled (see HOLANOVA 2003). Not listed by Krysko & Daniels (2005).

Diagnosis (stejnegeri): “Dorsals imbricate, smooth, 14-16 in the standard distance bertween center of eye and tip of snout; no differentiated mid-dorsal zone.” (Cochran 1931). 
EtymologyNamed after its color, Latin “cinis, cineris” = ash. 
  • Barbour, Thomas 1923. West Indian investigations of 1922. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (132): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. & Myers, George S. 1942. Neotropical lizards in the collection of the Natural History Museum of Stanford University. Stanford University Press, 52 pp.
  • Cochran, D. M. 1931. A new lizard from Haiti (Sphaerodactylus stejnegeri). Copeia 1931 (3): 89-91 - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Colletie, B.B. 1962. Arboreality; Lamellae, and Body size in two species of Cuban Geckos. Copeia 1962 (3): 664-665 - get paper here
  • Graham, E.G., Jr. and Schwartz, A. 1978. Status of the name Sphaerodactylus cinereus Wagler and variation in “Sphaerodactylus stejnegeri" Cochran. Florida Scientist 41(4):243-51. - get paper here
  • Grant, C. 1949. Sexual dichromatism in Sphaerodactylus stejnegeri. Copeia 1949 (1): 74-75. - get paper here
  • Holanova, V. 2003. Sphaerodactylus cinereus. Reptilia (GB) (28): 51-55 - get paper here
  • Lacépède, B. G. E. 1788. Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupe des Ovipares et des Serpens. Vol.1. Imprimerie du Roi, Hôtel de Thou, Paris, xvii + 651 pp. - get paper here
  • Macleay, W. S. 1834. A few remarks tending to illustrate the natural history of two annulose genera, namely Urania of Fabricus and Mygale of Walekenien. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1834: 9-12. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel Hispaniola, Westindien. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 449: 1-84.
  • Mittleman, M. B. 1950. Insular variation in the lizard Sphaerodactylus cinereus. Herpetologica 6: 60-66 - get paper here
  • Röll, B. 1995. Epidermal fine structure of the toe tips of Sphaerodactylus cinereus (Reptilia, Gekkonidae). Journal of Zoology 235 ( Part 2): 289-300
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Ogren, L.H. 1956. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from Cuba, with the descriptionof two new forms. Herpetologica 12 (2): 91-110 - get paper here
  • Thomas, R., and A. Schwartz. 1966. The Sphaerodactylus decoratus complex in the West Indies. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin, 7:1-26 - get paper here
  • Wagler, Jean G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. 1.0. Cotta, München, Stuttgart, and Tübingen, 354 pp. [1830-1832] - get paper here
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